One of the first things to note when considering a country or city to visit for any kind of trip is the climate and geography, as this will determine clothing you bring and experiences you may expect for just a couple of things.
This is a breakdown of Spain by cultural region. You will find a trip to Madrid differs significantly from a trip to Catalonia or Andalusia even!
This map depicts spain topographically. As you can see, Spain fluctuates between altitudes and climates rather dramatically! Madrid has a continental climate (climatestotravel.com, 2021). The city is surrounded by high mountains that can make rainfall from the oceans somewhat hard to come by. This contributes to very hot summers and very cold winters. (lamoncloa.gob.es, 2021)
Also shown here are Spain’s neighboring countries, Portugal and France. You’ll also notice that at the Strait of Gibraltar, Spain comes extremely close to Africa. This proximity leads to a prevalence of African culture in the south parts of Spain.
La MONCLOA. Geography. (2021). Retrieved April 02, 2021, from https://www.lamoncloa.gob.es/lang/en/Paginas/MapaWeb.aspx
Climate – Madrid (Spain). (2021). Retrieved April 02, 2021, from https://www.climatestotravel.com/climate/spain/madrid