The difference between cognitive and behaviorist perspectives is that behaviorists look only at the outside behaviors of the person while cognitive looks at how the brain works. Cognitive goes in depth on how the brain works such as memory, psycho motor movement, etc… One of the main theorists in this theory is Jean Piaget. He hypothesized that we develop in stages and that what we learned would come in predetermined stages. He studied the mind and how we use different learning strategies to process and store information in our unconscious. While behaviorists look at what we do as humans and what causes to do it in our environments. This theory looks more at the conscious side of our brains. A good definition on found on YouTube in a video titled Cognitive vs Behavioral Psychology (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TBBXH_h1mR8) is “…A behaviorist views it as a purely objective experimental branch of natural science. (Willingham, 2007).” What it means is that it only observes actual human behavior to predict and control what a person does.
(Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky)
Applying these two theories to students in school today allows teachers different methods so they can help all students achieve a high level of success. Some students might use more processes and adapt to the environment to absorb information quickly and be able to repeat it. Other students might rely more on different learning strategies so they can use their skills in the unconscious to learn material.
Some limitations of cognitive theory are that you do not know exactly what the person is thinking and we do not have a way to confirm it, we can not physically see what is happening so their is no proof for the hypothesis. Some limitations of behavioral theory are people not respond the same to certain stimuli so you can not accurately predict what they are going to do. Their past experience may give you a different result.
I think I as a teacher would be more in the middle since I would try to teach both ways in order to see how a student would react to a stimuli. As a physical education teacher, I could use behaviorism to see how students would react to different sports like soccer, softball, basketball, etc… and then see what strategies of teaching would be most appropriate to increase their skill in that area.
I would compare myself more to the cognitive theory because I would use prior knowledge to help my understanding like find an example of a topic in my everyday life. But in regards to physical education I also see a lot of behaviorist because a few of my past teachers used this method so I see it in a different way.
I will use this knowledge in my future career to help students with different learning styles acquire the same basic knowledge for all sports and compare them to everyday tasks that we do in order to survive and correctly process the information.
A major part in how we develop and construct knowledge is how we are raised by our parents. They are such a huge part because they effect and shape how we interact with our environment and people around us. If your parents teach you to be really outgoing and friendly and have positive experiences, then you will continue to be outgoing throughout your life. We tend to keep habits and tendencies that we pick up at an early age since our brain is developing its foundation. This can be incorporated into my teaching because not only would the parents be molding the child’s behavior, but also I as an educator will be molding their mind as well. I will make it so that everyone is sociable and form it so that there is only positivity around the students so they have positive experiences and make them want to continue to use these skills. For instance, I could incorporate a game of soccer so that every time you pass the ball you then have to compliment the the person, making it a positive memory for the child.
Another way that children develop and construct knowledge is by doing things on their own. By giving a child the freedom you allow them to explore and try to find ways to accomplish tasks without help. This will build confidence in the child so that they will be willing to try and solve even more problems on their own, creating their own independence. One way I could incorporate this into my teaching is by giving the students an objective like throwing a ball into a hula hoop, but giving them a few restrictions so that they have to use their critical thinking skills and problem solving in order to follow the rules, but also complete the objective. And if possible, I could also allow the students to be able to work with a partner so that they could think of even more ways to do it faster and more efficient.
Hi, this is John LePine and welcome to my blog! After I graduate from UW-Whitewater, I would like to go back to my home town to teach Physical Education. I would prefer to teach Elementary or High School but wouldn’t mind Middle School. My first year of college I attended UW-Marathon County up in Wausau, which is where I have lived the past 16 years. I started to think about teaching Physical Education at the end of my senior year of high school. I managed my schools Girls varsity soccer team with my friend Nick Rahmlow. This is where I met the person who I can say made me decided to want to become a Physical Education Teacher, Lucas Kollross. Lucas teachers at Riverside Elementary School within the district. As head coach, Lucas was able to take the girls to the Division One state championship game, which we one. Before the final game Lucas gave a speech to all the seniors, who he had coached since they were 6 years old (12 years), that made my mind up on which career I wanted to pursue. The memories he made with the group of girls, as well as all the skills in the game of soccer and those in life, showed me what it truly meant to be a good educator. I wanted to make connections like that in my life. The speech that he gave had so much emotion to it that he even cried (sorry Lucas). But it really showed me how important the job of an educator really is and how they don’t just teach the subject they were trained to, but also about life.
I think that a good educator is someone who can relate to students and be open enough to share with them common experiences they had in their lives. Also, an educator needs to have enthusiasm for the subject that they are teaching and show it in order to try and motivate students to find something in the subject they can be interested in.
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