Many students need them, but misconceptions exist surrounding student loans. To make the best financial decisions, students should be aware of common student loan myths.
- Student loan debt is good debt. Potentially, it could be upon graduation and landing a job. If you leave college prior to receiving a diploma, you are still required to pay back your student loans.
- Interest on my student loans does not start to accrue until after I graduate. This may be true of federal subsidized loans, but this statement does not apply to federal unsubsidized loans and most private loans. Interest starts to accrue upon receiving the unsubsidized loan; however, the interest does not need to be paid until the student drops below half-time status or after the 6 month grace period after graduation.
- My student loans automatically renew each year. Generally, both federal and private loans are only good for one year. If loans are needed again, students should reapply each school year.
- Since I am going to be a teacher, my students loans will be forgiven. This statement applies to teachers who meet all the loan forgiveness program requirements. To qualify, teachers need to have worked full-time for five consecutive years in a designated school or service agency that serves students from low income families.
- If I can’t pay my student loans, I can file for bankruptcy. Only in rare extreme hardship cases will student loans be forgiven due to bankruptcy. The collateral on student loans is your ability to earn in the future. For this reason, even upon bankruptcy, you still have the ability to earn and the ability to pay something towards your student debt.
- My grades are not high enough to receive student loans. Federal financial aid programs do not have any initial grade requirements.
- My parents have not filed their taxes yet, therefore I cannot complete the FAFSA. Students can complete the FAFSA application using estimated tax information. When the parents eventually file their taxes, students can go back and edit the application information.
- I am responsible to pay back the student loans my parents took out for me. Ultimately, if a parent takes out the loan, the parent is responsible for repayment of the loan.
For additional resources on student loans, visit the UWW Financial LIteracy Center or schedule a free and confidential one-on-one coaching session. We look forward to working from you!
Financial setbacks are a reality of adulthood. For college students, unexpected financial emergencies could result in the added risk of withdrawal from the University. UW-Whitewater has an emergency aid program to provide students with monetary aid to help them stay in school and graduate, which ultimately, should lead to a better financial future.
The Warhawk Emergency Fund awards up to $1,000 for eligible expenses such as child care, auto, medical, and food. Interested students need to complete the online application process. When approved, the monetary aid is usually available within 2 business days.
The Financial Literacy Center provides financial literacy education and resources to students who receive aid through the Warhawk Emergency Fund. Students are encouraged to attend a group presentation or schedule an individual coaching session to receive these services.
For additional questions or information, students should contact the Warhawk Emergency Fund (firstname.lastname@example.org) or the Financial Literacy Center (email@example.com).
It’s the end of the month, and you can’t figure out where all your money went. You should have enough to cover your expenses, but your bank balance is creeping closer and closer to an unacceptable number. Does this sound like a situation you have ever been in?
Keeping track of your spending can provide insight as to where your money goes each month, and it provides information on where changes may be needed in future budgets. Fearing the results or lack of motivation may be reasons some choose not to track, but finding a method that works best for your lifestyle might make the task a bit easier.
- Spreadsheet. Set up a spreadsheet register with income and spending categories to record all transactions. This setup has the ability to total the categories at the end of each month, and it can keep a running tally of credit card balances.
- Apps. Enter income and expenses into a phone or tablet app each month. Convenience is the major advantage to this method, and there are free financial apps, like mint.com, that have the ability to monitor expenses.
- Pencil and Paper. For some, going ‘old school’ is the preferred method. Each day, write down all income and expenses into a notebook or calendar, being sure to identify categories. Add up category totals at the end of each month. Keep pencil and paper readily available in purse, wallet, car, or pocket.
- Envelope Method. Label a separate envelope for each of your spending categories. At the beginning of each month, place the budgeted amount of cash into each envelope. Throughout the month, take out the cash for expenses, and return the receipts to the appropriate envelopes. If no receipt for an expense, simply record on a sheet of paper or directly onto the envelope. Add up receipts at the end of the month for summary totals.
- Other. Additional methods include tracking expenses by store (as opposed to spending category), and waiting until the end of the month to label and total categories.
There is no right or wrong way to keep track of your expenses. Utilize a system that works best for you! For more information on budgeting or tracking expenses, visit the UWW Financial Literacy Center or schedule a one-on-one coaching session. We are here to help!
FICO CREDIT SCORE BREAKDOWN
When wanting to establish credit or raise your credit score, a basic understanding of the comprising elements can assist you when making financial decisions. A higher credit score leads to future benefits including lower interest rates, higher loan limits, and overall approval to credit card and loan applications.
How is a FICO credit score determined?
- Payment History (35%). The most important factor in calculating credit scores is payment history. History is used to forecast future behaviors. Making consistent and on-time payments to your credit cards and loans is one of the best ways to improve your credit score.
- Amounts Owed (30%). FICO views those who habitually max out their credit cards as people who cannot handle debt responsibly. Borrowers should maintain low credit card balances, and although there is no exact utilization ratio, many financial experts refer to the ‘30% rule’. Example – If your credit card limit is $1,000, try not to charge over $300.
- Credit Length (15%). A longer credit history offers more information on financial behavior. It is impossible for a person who is new to credit to have an excellent score, as it takes time. Those with credit should maintain their long-standing accounts.
- Types of Credit (10%). A mix of credit (accounts, credit cards, and installment loans) is taken into consideration to determine a credit score. A borrower with a good mix of credit generally represents less risk for lenders.
- New Credit (10%). Borrowers should avoid opening too many credit lines at the same time, for such financial behavior might suggest financial trouble. Consumers are encouraged to apply for and open new accounts only when needed.
For more resources and information on credit, visit the UWW Financial Literacy Center.