“Both the behaviorist and cognitivist offer important aspects to learning. When deciding which strategies to utilize, it is crucial to consider the level of knowledge of the learners and the cognitive processing demands. The nature of the learning task and proficiency level of the learners should both be considered when incorporating strategies.” (Haberkorn). Behaviorist and cognitive perspectives are learning are crucial to effective and successful teaching, as Harberkorn stated. A student must remember what he or she understood during the lesson which is the cognitive aspect and then later be able to practice and apply the material later on which would be the behavioral perspective. Students who are able to do so in turn will gain much more out of the content and remember the material that is being taught much more efficiently. “It’s all about meta-cognition, the ability to think about your own learning!” (Weber, PowerPoint, 2017).
There are few limitations however that reside in behavioral and cognitive learning perspective. While being able to understand the content that is being given to them, some students find it troubling to remember or recall exactly what it was that they learned. Ways to fix this would be giving students the abilities to try different ways to better remember material based on their needs. This would include things such as hands-on learning, using pictures or tables and charts to understand something in better detail, etc.
With behavioral learning, some students also may find it troubling to apply and practice material learned. Teachers can use other aspects of learning such social cognitive learning, taking charge of their own learning, and have students create and apply content to the best of their ability rather than applying it in a structured way.
I believe that the behavioral learning perspective play one of the key roles in regards to teachers instruction, peer interaction, and students. Being able to “…practice and apply new skills and understand the material, will make them more fluid and automatic – a permanent part of their repertoire.” (Woolfolk, p. 469). I feel as though students who are able to practice what they have learned have a better opportunity to learn even more by learning from their mistakes and changing up the practice to search for the successful outcome.
As a student, I tend to fit more in the constructivist, social/situated category views of learning. I tend to be an active thinker and ask many questions until I get my desired answer/outcome. I also believe that I am an active social participator, engaging in class discussions that are interesting to me and/or in which I have many questions about. I believe that the more questions asked, the more that I myself as a student will learn along with my peers around me.
As a future educator, applying different views of learning into the classroom is crucial for optimal student success. While some students learn better by doing, some learn better simply by listening and viewing. This is important to keep in mind because each student have various abilities in the learning aspect of education. There are multiple paths of knowledge for all students. As a teacher, it is your job to create an environment suitable, knowledgeable, and successful for each one of them!
An excellent video by Katie Martin, discussing the different ways in which kids learn can be viewed here:
Woolfolk, A. (2014). Educational psychology: Active learning edition. (12th ed.). Pearson.
Weber, N. (2017). Educational psychology: Module 3: Views of learning (3/9). PowerPoint. Retrieved from https://uww.courses.wisconsin.edu/d2l/le/content/3643387/viewContent/22807791/View
Martin, K. (2016). Teachers create what they experience. TEDx Talks. Youtube. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rcDpDPwRxvU
Haberkorn, J. 2017. Lesson 11 – Question 4: Cognitivist and behaviorist teachers. Retrieved from http://lrs.ed.uiuc.edu/students/jhaberkorn/edpsy399ol/l11q4.html
“People develop at different rates, development is relatively orderly, development takes place gradually.” (Woolfolk, p. 36). Each one of these principles are key components of learner development. However, there are a few theorists (Piaget, Vygotsky, Erikson, and Bronfenbrenner) whose ideas and concepts of a child’s learning development are similar in a sense yet different at the same time. Piaget’s and Vygostky’s beliefs and ideas on social and cognitive development will be discussed throughout this blog.
Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?q=learner+development&biw=1366&bih=662&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj6puiAu6TSAhUEsVQKHesDCFgQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=j1PdsduChsYOpM:
Piaget had four stages of cognitive development which were sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. He believed every child passes through each one of these stages throughout his/her lifetime. While each one of these stages relates to a child’s understanding of learning development, children may or may not ever go through each one of these stages. As discussed in class, Dr. Weber has a young child at home in which she not only is in the preoperational stage but also in the concrete operational stage in her life. While Dr. Weber’s daughter understands concepts of conservation (i.e. having the same amount of coins in both rows regardless of how spread out they are), she might not understand the concept of having the same amount of water in two glasses then taking that same amount of water and pouring it into a wider/taller glass.While some children do in fact go through each stage, some children learn better and/or excel or skip some stages of Piaget’s theory of development based on their learning capabilities.
This is vital to understand when it comes to teaching because as a teacher, you are responsible for understanding each and everyone of your student’s learning abilities in order to teach at an effective level for all students.
“We develop because we learn.” (PowerPoint, 2017). Vygotsky believed that culture and the social processes are what affected a child’s learning more greatly. He came up with the idea of the zone of proximal development in which is “the area between the child’s current development level and the level of development that the child could achieve through adult guidance or collaboration with more capable peers.” (Woolfolk, p. 67). This can impact a child’s learning and well as the teachers instruction greatly. While having the child focus best on what he/she can accomplish individually then gradually assisting in ways in ways that will benefit the child’s understanding is an important concept of successful teaching. Being aware of the different types of learning development that you have in your classroom is key in becoming an outstanding teacher.
Retrieved from https://www.google.com/search?q=learner+development&biw=1366&bih=662&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj6puiAu6TSAhUEsVQKHesDCFgQ_AUIBigB#tbm=isch&q=vygotsky&imgrc=3bq-OO_OU5De3M:
Parenting styles are also extremely significant when it comes to a child’s behavior and feelings. While there are four types of styles, authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and rejecting/neglectful, each one of these styles can create a major impact on a child’s learning development and behavior. By having parents whom are authoritative (high warmth, high control) children can benefit by understanding his/her consequences by each action made. Having parents who set high rules and limits however, guide their children into the “right” direction by discussing the results of each action made, will help the student understand the importance of positive decision making. Children of authoritative parents tend to do well in school and feel more confident in themselves and relate to others better. As a teacher, it is important to remember that all students however, do not come from authoritative parents. By treating each child in the same manner will benefit your teaching strategies greatly and you will in turn, gain a better knowledge of how parenting styles can greatly impact a child’s learning. A video to better understand the different types of parenting styles and how they can impact a child’s behavior and development is linked below:
As a future teacher, understanding different types of learner development and parenting styles and how social and cultural processes can impact a child’s learning is vital to bring to the classroom. Each theory and idea discussed comes together to not only develop the child’s learning development but to mold you into a better teacher. Having the knowledge that all students develop at different rates and that development is gradual will help you plan and create a learning environment specifically designed towards your students capabilities.
Woolfolk, A. (2014). Educational psychology: Active learning edition. (12th ed.). Pearson.
Weber, N. (2017). Educational psychology: Module 2: Learner Development (2/9). PowerPoint. Retrieved from https://uww.courses.wisconsin.edu/d2l/le/content/3643387/viewContent/22679044/View
Bano, A. (2015). Parenting styles and their influence on children. YouTube. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SZ2Hw2_hiK8
As a future teacher, being able to incorporate research into classroom learning is important when it comes to effective teaching. The purpose for research in education is to stimulate discussion in the classroom, challenge students’ assumptions and opinions, reaffirm connections, and raise new questions about the topic at hand. Research can also make and confirm sound decisions about the education activities and experiences that will best serve your students individual needs.
While providing and collecting research in order to effectively and successfully engage students’ learning, information literacy is also important when evaluating your students understanding of a subject as well as your teaching. Becoming a future educator, being able to incorporate information literacy into the classroom setting is essential for students’ learning of all levels and various backgrounds. “As teacher educators who teach literacy methods courses, we emphasize the importance of high-quality literacy instruction that meets the needs of all students from many different backgrounds in today’s classrooms.” (Brock, 2007, pg. 18). By understanding this concept, students will be able to make informed educational decisions about the specific topic, incorporate knowledge from the information found into his/her work, and be able to assess and evaluate the information accurately and effectively.
Although being able to find and apply research in the classroom is significant for a students understanding of learning; sharing and applying the research found is just as, if not more, important to great teaching. “The importance of assigning homework as a tool for practice continues to be debated at many levels of education.” (Young, 2016, pg. 1).
As a future physical education teacher, it is questioned as to “what homework do you give as a P.E. instructor?” “Do or will students even learn anything out of homework in this subject?” The importance of physical education and health as a secondary level student is necessary for each and every student. Just as math, science, or English, physical education plays just as an important role and combines knowledge of all different subjects so students benefit greatly. Young students living in society today, need to understand that staying healthy and having knowledge on health and fitness can not only benefit them, but their future generation as well. Letting students discover various types of research and different assignments individually and/or in small groups can benefit the students understanding on the topic greatly. As Simplicio stated, “Homework is
a time honored strategy for developing learning skills and reinforcing knowledge gained within the classroom.” (2005, pg. 1).
While obesity and various diseases are more common in today’s society, especially for the younger generation; and with technology playing the key role, being active and understanding how to stay healthy is major. Again, as many believe that physical education is not as important as core subjects such as math, English, science, reading, etc. research proves that by practicing homework in this subject can in turn practice positive, active behavior in a child’s physical activity. “In yet another study, which looked at using homework in a PE class, researchers found that physical educators typically saw increases in physical activity levels outside of school hours when homework was assigned.” (Burt, 2017, pg. 2).
Applying my knowledge on this topic and topics that I have recently learned about research and information literacy is essential to my future teaching and can benefit me greatly. I will be able to ensure that students understand the importance of not only homework, but how further research and studies can improve knowledge, the understanding, and mastery of a specific topic.
As research is the topic being discussed, I came across an interesting video by researcher Dr. John J. Ratey, MD and how he discusses exercise and physical activity. Not only is it good for a students’ brain, but it can improve a students learning and knowledge in other core subjects. Thought it be a great end watch to sum up this blog!
Brock, C. H., Lapp, D., Flood, J., Fisher, D., & Keonghee Tao, H. (2007). Does homework matter?. Urban Education, 42(4), 349-372.
Young, N., Dollman, m., & Angel, N. F. (2016). Does homework really matter for college students in quantitatively-based courses?. Journal Of Learning In Higher Education, 12(1), 19-26.
Simplicio, J. C. (2005). Homework in the 21st century: The antiquated and ineffectual implementation of a time honored educational strategy. Education, 126(1), 138-142.
Burt, D. J. (2017). Using the TIPS method to implement homework in physical education. Strategies (08924562), 30(1), 43-46.
My name is Alexandra Karmis and I am working towards becoming a Physical Education teacher minor in Health Education. I would like to teach at the middle school level therefore I can also teach health classes as well.
I enjoy playing sports and being outside and am a huge fan of the Chicago Bulls! I love to travel and have been to Mexico and Jamaica and hope to continue to visit more places as I grow.
The reason I decided to become a physical education teacher was personally having a great P.E. teacher throughout my high school career. My teacher always made it important to ask each student how their day was going, what’s new with them, just an overall great teacher who cared greatly about his students. He believed in each one of us and made sure that we knew that as well.
One day, I hope to make sure that each one of my students knows how important and special they are as an individual. Being a great teacher takes experience, and knowledge of the content you are teaching. Again, it is also important that a great teacher cares about the students learning and understanding of the material and takes time out of his or her day to make sure the student knows that you are there to help them.
The teaching clips that we had a chance to watch of the boring economics teacher and a clip from the Dead Poets Society really spoke to me. Not only did I have a math teacher that talked just like the economics teacher talked in the clip, I fell behind in math, and couldn’t retain any information that my math teacher was teaching. However, I did have a teacher who reminded me of Robin Williams in Dead Poets Society and really wanted us as students to gain as much knowledge as we can. I thought that by having the students stand on the desk and “look at things in a different way” was a great little activity that you can do as a teacher to not only keep the students engaged and interested, but so that the students can actually be able to look at things from a different point of view and realize that everything isn’t as it always seems.