Diabetes affects 9.4% of Americans. Each year, 1.5 million more Americans are diagnosed with diabetes. Know and understand what diabetes is, how to detect diabetes early to reduce future complications, and how to prevent Type 2 diabetes.

Most Common Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes: Body does not produce enough insulin. Typically diagnosed in children or young adults.

Type 2 Diabetes: Body produces insulin but cannot use it well. The most common form of diabetes and preventable.

Gestational Diabetes: A temporary condition during pregnancy only.

Pre-Diabetes: A condition before Type 2 diabetes is developed, where blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to diagnosis as diabetes.

Symptoms

  • The following symptoms of diabetes are typical. However, some people with type 2 diabetes have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed.
  • Urinating often
  • Feeling very thirsty
  • Feeling very hungry – even though you are eating
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
  • Weight loss – even though you are eating more (type 1)
  • Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)

Diagnosis and Treatment

A qualified medical provider diagnoses diabetes with these three most common tests: A1C, Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) and Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Treatment depends on the type of diabetes and how severe it is. Type 2 diabetes is often treated with diet and exercise alone.

Prevent

Type 2 diabetes is preventable, even if you have a family history. Follow the tips below to reduce your diabetes risk.

  • Eat a healthy diet. Fill most of your plate with plant-based, whole foods, such as vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts, seeds, and plant oils like olive and avocado.
  • Be physically active. Add purposeful activity to your day and aim for a minimum of 30 minutes per day most days of the week. Include aerobic, strength-training, and flexibility activities.
  • Maintain a healthy weight. A BMI (body mass index) of ≥25 is considered overweight. Keeping your calories and physical activity in balance will help maintain your weight.
  • Quit smoking if you smoke. Smokers have an increased risk of developing diabetes.
  • Know your numbers. Get your cholesterol and blood pressure checked regularly. People with higher cholesterol and blood pressure are more at risk of developing diabetes.

Wellness Recipe 

Pumpkin Zucchini & Dark Chocolate Chip Bread

Finally, a dessert or snack that delivers on chocolate and flavor without the guilt! This bread is super moist, made with gluten-free ingredients and is low in added sugar. The pumpkin and zucchini add additional fiber plus vitamins and minerals.

Serving Size: 1 Slice | Yield: 1 Loaf or 10 Slices | Method: Bake

Per Serving: 200 Calories | 126 Calories from Fat | 14 Gm Total Fat | 2 Gm Saturated Fat | 0 G Trans Fat | 20 Mg Cholesterol | 290 Mg Sodium | 16 Gm Carbohydrate | 4 Gm Fiber | 9 Gm Total Sugars | 6 Gm Protein

Ingredients:

 1 cup Zucchini, Shredded
¾ cup Pumpkin solids, puree
¼ cup Maple syrup, 100% pure
1 ea Egg, large
2 cups Almond flour (blanched or unblanched)
2 tsp Baking powder
1 tsp Baking soda
1½ tsp Cinnamon, ground
½ tsp Ginger, ground
¼ tsp Cloves, ground
¼ tsp Nutmeg, ground
¼ tsp Salt
½ cup Dark chocolate chips

Instructions:  

  1. Preheat oven to 350°F. Coat a 9×5 loaf pan with cooking spray.
  2. Shred zucchini and drain or squeeze out extra moisture.
  3. In a medium bowl, whisk together egg, maple syrup, zucchini, pumpkin puree until well combined.
  4. In a large bowl, whisk together the almond flour, baking powder, baking soda, cinnamon, ginger, cloves, nutmeg, and salt.
  5. Pour wet ingredients into dry ingredients and mix until there are no flour clumps. Add chocolate chips and combine until evenly dispersed throughout the batter.
  6. Pour batter into prepared loaf pan and bake 40–45 minutes or until a toothpick inserted in the middle comes out clean. Allow to fully cool before releasing from pan and slicing.

Produced by: Ellior North America

References and recommended resources: For more information on diabetes or to donate to the cause, visit American Diabetes Association’s website at http://www.diabetes.org