Safety414


Medical Benefits of Marijuana
Friday June 27th 2014, 4:16 am
Filed under: Uncategorized

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lw4OeuecPrk#t=25



Topical Project 8-11
Monday June 23rd 2014, 2:46 am
Filed under: Uncategorized

— Principles of Effective Treatment

Scientific research since the mid–1970s shows that treatment can help patients addicted to drugs stop using, avoid relapse, and successfully recover their lives. Based on this research, key principles have emerged that should form the basis of any effective treatment programs:

  • Addiction is a complex but treatable disease that affects brain function and behavior.

  • No single treatment is appropriate for everyone.

  • Treatment needs to be readily available.

  • Effective treatment attends to multiple needs of the individual, not just his or her drug abuse.

  • Remaining in treatment for an adequate period of time is critical.

  • Counseling—individual and/or group—and other behavioral therapies are the most commonly used forms of drug abuse treatment.

  • Medications are an important element of treatment for many patients, especially when combined with counseling and other behavioral therapies.

  • An individual’s treatment and services plan must be assessed continually and modified as necessary to ensure that it meets his or her changing needs.

  • Many drug–addicted individuals also have other mental disorders.

  • Medically assisted detoxification is only the first stage of addiction treatment and by itself does little to change long–term drug abuse.

  • Treatment does not need to be voluntary to be effective.

  • Drug use during treatment must be monitored continuously, as lapses during treatment do occur.

  • Treatment programs should assess patients for the presence of HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases as well as provide targeted risk–reduction counseling to help patients modify or change behaviors that place them at risk of contracting or spreading infectious diseases.

— Since 1996, 20 states and Washington, DC have passed laws allowing smoked marijuana to be used for a variety of medical conditions. It is important to recognize that these state marijuana laws do not change the fact that using marijuana continues to be an offense under Federal law. Many of these state medical marijuana laws originated in order to create a legal defense to state criminal possession laws or to remove state criminal penalties for purported medical use of marijuana. Since then, many have evolved into state authorization for state-based production and distribution of marijuana for purported medical purposes. These state laws vary greatly in their criteria and implementation, and many states are experiencing vigorous internal debates about the safety, efficacy, and legality of their marijuana laws. Many local governments are even creating zoning and enforcement ordinances that prevent marijuana dispensaries from operating in their communities.
States with medical marijuana laws often have some form of patient registry, which may provide some protection against state arrest for possession up to a certain amount of marijuana for personal medical use. Medical marijuana growers or dispensaries are authorized in some of these states and may be limited to a certain number of plants or products per medical user. Regulation of marijuana for purported medical use may also exist at the county and city level, in addition to state laws.

— I personally don’t think that it should be illegal so my recommendation is to totally decriminalize in it all states, countries, and continents, and to release or shorten the prisoners sentences who are in there because of it.

–References

http://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp/state-laws-related-to-marijuana

http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/treatment-approaches-drug-addiction

http://drugtext.org/Cannabis-marijuana-hashisch/acute-and-chronic-toxicity-of-marijuana.html

http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/marijuana-use-and-its-effects

http://www.livestrong.com/article/85963-benefits-medical-marijuana/

 



Topical Project Parts 4-7
Sunday June 15th 2014, 3:31 am
Filed under: Uncategorized

-Marijuana can be administered in a number of different ways; smoking a joint, smoking a blunt, smoking a pipe, smoking a bong (water-pipe), vaporizing marijuana (Vaporizing is similar to smoking, however the medical marijuana is heated just below the threshold of combustion, allowing the compounds to be activated by heating, yet never actually ignited), edibles (Edibles are items such as cookies, brownies, suckers, candies or any number of items that are cooked with either canna-butter, (a butter infused with medical marijuana) cannabis oil (oil infused with marijuana) or whole pieces of cooked medical marijuana prepared in a dish), marijuana tinctures (tinctures are preparations of medical marijuana infused in an oil, glycerin, or alcohol such base, and are usually administered orally, under the tongue), and finally topical cannabis massage oils, balms, and lotions (Topical applications with massage oils, balms, or lotions may be prepared and used in a way that gives very little or no psychotropic effect (or HIGH), yet they are very effective at alleviating conditions associated with arthritis, joint pain, muscles aches, strains and other such conditions.

– Physiological effects include Signs of using marijuana include:Rapid heart rate, Increased blood pressure, Increased rate of breathing, Red eyes, Dry mouth, Increased appetite, or “the munchies”, and Slowed reaction time

– The main effects of marijuana on mood vary and may include euphoria, calmness, anxiety, or paranoia. Other psychological effects include: distorted sense of time, magical or “random” thinking, and short-term memory loss

– Marijuana intoxication is a dose-related phenomenon as has been previously described. With adequate dosage, the drug can produce a state of intoxication characterized by euphoria, time and spatial distortion, and motor impairment.

– A well defined toxic syndrome does not exist with marijuana, as it is used in the United States, primarily because cannabis is an appetite stimulant and the individual who becomes repeatedly intoxicated with marijuana continues to eat well thereby eliminating any nutritional organ damage.

-Cannabis or Marijuana is one of the most widely used drugs in the world,  with a dependence rate between 9% and 10% in adult users.

– Marijuana is the third most popular recreational drug in the Unites States. About 13 million American smoke Marijuana each year. Its popularity began in the 60’s as a rebellious drug. Then came 1979 when it grew in popularity with ages 18-25 smoking at least once a month.

– There are several different benefits to marijuana; pain relief (chronic and neuropathic ), increased appetite (marijuana stimulates the body’s metabolism and causes users to experience an increase in appetite. Numerous disease states–including cancer and HIV–can cause symptoms of decreased appetite to develop in affected patients), decreased nausea ( many patients experience nausea or vomiting due to certain diseases or treatments, such as chemotherapy. The National Cancer Institute reports that THC–the active ingredient in marijuana–may decrease symptoms of nausea or vomiting in certain cancer patients. Controlling such symptoms in diseased patients can improve a patient’s quality of life and may make certain patients more receptive to disease treatment.), and muscle relaxation ( inhalation of marijuana smoke relaxes the muscles within the body. Patients who experience frequent muscle tightness or twitching (spasticity) often have difficulty completing normal tasks associated with daily activities).

– The Physical benefits of marijuana are far-reaching, widespread, and long-term. Because of the way marijuana impacts the Autonomic Nervous System which expands the breadth and relaxes the body, its potential for health and healing are enormous, and have been completely unrealized by Western Medicine.



Topical Project Parts 1-3
Monday June 09th 2014, 9:11 pm
Filed under: Uncategorized

Cannabis is dioecious, meaning it comes as separate male and female plants. Male plants are taller and thinner and have flower like pods which contain the fertilizing, pollen-generating anthers. The female plant is darker and shorter and has short hairs protruding at the end of the bracteole pods. Cannabis strains continue to grow so its hard to get a actual figure on how many there are, but there are different forms of cannabis, such as hashish, hash oil, and hemp.

The oldest known written record on cannabis use comes from the Chinese Emperor Shen Nung in 2727 B.C. Ancient Greeks and Romans were also familiar with cannabis, while in the Middle East, use spread throughout the Islamic empire to North Africa.Cannabis (Hemp/Marijuana) originates in the Himalayas, near Tibet. Later seeds were scattered around & it spread to India where they found various medicinal uses for it & made rope & oils with it. The arabs planted it in & around Afghanistan. Some of the fields have been cultivated for more than a 1000 years. The first definite record of the marijuana plant in the New World dates from 1545 A.D, when the Spaniards introduced it into Chile. It has been suggested, however, that African slaves familiar with marijuana as an intoxicant and medicine brought the seeds with them to Brazil even earlier in the sixteenth century. There are certain parts of Colombia in South America, where there are records of some wild plants growing as tall as 5 storeys high. The top five countries that are the main source of cannabis are Morocco, Afghanistan/Pakistan, Nepal/India, C.I.S., and The Netherlands.

The use, sale and possession of cannabis (marijuana) in the United States is still illegal under federal law. However, some states have created exemptions for medical cannabis use, as well as decriminalized non-medical cannabis use. In two states, Colorado and Washington, the sale and possession of marijuana is legal for both medical and non-medical use.

Marijuana use has been increasing steadily around the world. Medical marijuana may be fueling the increase, with 76 percent of all votes in favor of the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes — even though marijuana use is illegal in most countries. With some 17.4 million Americans, or 6.9 percent of the population, saying they used marijuana in 2010, up from 14.4 million or 5.8 percent of the population in 2007.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0pR2g0HTyCA



Hello world!
Monday June 02nd 2014, 5:44 pm
Filed under: Uncategorized

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