Diabetes affects 9.4% of Americans. Each year, 1.5 million more Americans are diagnosed with diabetes. Know and understand what diabetes is, how to detect diabetes early to reduce future complications, and how to prevent Type 2 diabetes.
Most Common Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes: Body does not produce enough insulin. Typically diagnosed in children or young adults.
Type 2 Diabetes: Body produces insulin but cannot use it well. The most common form of diabetes and preventable.
Gestational Diabetes: A temporary condition during pregnancy only.
Pre-Diabetes: A condition before Type 2 diabetes is developed, where blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to diagnosis as diabetes.
- The following symptoms of diabetes are typical. However, some people with type 2 diabetes have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed.
- Urinating often
- Feeling very thirsty
- Feeling very hungry – even though you are eating
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision
- Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal
- Weight loss – even though you are eating more (type 1)
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)
Diagnosis and Treatment
A qualified medical provider diagnoses diabetes with these three most common tests: A1C, Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) and Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Treatment depends on the type of diabetes and how severe it is. Type 2 diabetes is often treated with diet and exercise alone.
Type 2 diabetes is preventable, even if you have a family history. Follow the tips below to reduce your diabetes risk.
- Eat a healthy diet. Fill most of your plate with plant-based, whole foods, such as vegetables, fruits, whole grains, nuts, seeds, and plant oils like olive and avocado.
- Be physically active. Add purposeful activity to your day and aim for a minimum of 30 minutes per day most days of the week. Include aerobic, strength-training, and flexibility activities.
- Maintain a healthy weight. A BMI (body mass index) of ≥25 is considered overweight. Keeping your calories and physical activity in balance will help maintain your weight.
- Quit smoking if you smoke. Smokers have an increased risk of developing diabetes.
- Know your numbers. Get your cholesterol and blood pressure checked regularly. People with higher cholesterol and blood pressure are more at risk of developing diabetes.
Pumpkin Zucchini & Dark Chocolate Chip Bread
Finally, a dessert or snack that delivers on chocolate and flavor without the guilt! This bread is super moist, made with gluten-free ingredients and is low in added sugar. The pumpkin and zucchini add additional fiber plus vitamins and minerals.
Serving Size: 1 Slice | Yield: 1 Loaf or 10 Slices | Method: Bake
Per Serving: 200 Calories | 126 Calories from Fat | 14 Gm Total Fat | 2 Gm Saturated Fat | 0 G Trans Fat | 20 Mg Cholesterol | 290 Mg Sodium | 16 Gm Carbohydrate | 4 Gm Fiber | 9 Gm Total Sugars | 6 Gm Protein
|1 cup||Zucchini, Shredded|
|¾ cup||Pumpkin solids, puree|
|¼ cup||Maple syrup, 100% pure|
|1 ea||Egg, large|
|2 cups||Almond flour (blanched or unblanched)|
|2 tsp||Baking powder|
|1 tsp||Baking soda|
|1½ tsp||Cinnamon, ground|
|½ tsp||Ginger, ground|
|¼ tsp||Cloves, ground|
|¼ tsp||Nutmeg, ground|
|½ cup||Dark chocolate chips|
- Preheat oven to 350°F. Coat a 9×5 loaf pan with cooking spray.
- Shred zucchini and drain or squeeze out extra moisture.
- In a medium bowl, whisk together egg, maple syrup, zucchini, pumpkin puree until well combined.
- In a large bowl, whisk together the almond flour, baking powder, baking soda, cinnamon, ginger, cloves, nutmeg, and salt.
- Pour wet ingredients into dry ingredients and mix until there are no flour clumps. Add chocolate chips and combine until evenly dispersed throughout the batter.
- Pour batter into prepared loaf pan and bake 40–45 minutes or until a toothpick inserted in the middle comes out clean. Allow to fully cool before releasing from pan and slicing.
Produced by: Elior North America
References and recommended resources: For more information on diabetes or to donate to the cause, visit American Diabetes Association’s website at http://www.diabetes.org