Prevention/References

Even though I am researching this topic, I do not know of anybody that has used PED’s or taken any kind of banned substance do enhance their athletic performance. Although I don’t know anybody personally that has taken PED’s, there have been numerous stories on ESPN about professional athletes taking banned substances to either enhance their performance or to help them come back from injury quicker. When it comes to prevention and organizations, there are a couple websites that you could look at that give you information on the side effects of PED’s and steroids. Some of the websites are; http://www.steroidabuse.org/, http://www.wada-ama.org/, and http://www.usantidoping.org. All of these websites have stories about using PED’s, testing PED’s and much more.

There has already been plenty of action taken regarding the use of steroids and banned substances. Athletes are getting suspended for some of the season for the 1st offense and anything after that it depends on the professional sport. I think they are doing a great job of testing these players and I would do anything differently. If it were me, I would test the players at the beginning of the season, in the middle, and at the end of the season to see if their results have changed. I know for a fact they test everybody at the beginning of the season, but I’m not sure about the middle and end of the season. Steroids and banned substances are becoming part of our culture in athletics today, which means we need to have effective ways to test athletes so everybody is on the same playing field.

 

References:

1.) Library, C. (1970, January 1). Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports Fast Facts. CNN. Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/06/us/performance-enhancing-drugs-in-sports-fast-facts/

2.) Bowers, L. (n.d.). Historical Timeline – Drug Use in Sports – Pros and Cons – ProCon.org. ProConorg Headlines. Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://sportsanddrugs.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000017

3.) IAAF. (n.d.). Historical Timeline – Drug Use in Sports – Pros and Cons – ProCon.org. ProConorg Headlines. Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://sportsanddrugs.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000017

4.)Effects of Performance Enhancing Drugs | U.S. Anti-Doping Agency USADA. (n.d.).US AntiDoping Agency USADA. Retrieved June 20, 2014, from http://www.usada.org/substances/effects-of-performance-enhancing-drugs/

5.) Cheatham, S., Hosey, R., & Johnson, D. Performance-Enhancing Drugs and Today’s Athlete: A Growing Concern . Performance-Enhancing Drugs and Today’s Athlete: A Growing Concern 31. Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://www.healio.com/orthopedics/sports-medicine/journals/ortho/%7B93d32e5b-a2c8-4c5c-8e0c-d600a3fee2b3%7D/performance-enhancing-drugs-and-todays-athlete-a-growing-concern# 

6.) Barroso. The abuse of diuretics as performance-enhancing drugs and masking agents in sport doping: pharmacology, toxicology and analysis. , 10, 391-402. Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2962812/#b4

7.) Lite, J. (2009, February 20). NFL players who use steroids have more injuries. Scientific American Global RSS. Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://www.scientificamerican.com/blog/post/nfl-players-who-use-steroids-have-m-2009-02-20/?id=nfl-players-who-use-steroids-have-m-2009-02-20

8.) Steroids (Anabolic) | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (n.d.). Steroids (Anabolic) | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://www.steroidabuse.org/

 

 

Sports Enhancers cont.

Testing athletes for the use of performance enhancing drugs started in 1968 (Barroso, 2008; Butre, 2008).  Ever since 1968 they started making a list of banned substances for athletes and it has been updated to this day.  This list was updated by the International Olympic Committee or the IOC and the World Anti-Doping Agency also known as WADA. Some of the substances on the list included; anabolic androgenic steroids, peptide hormones, stimulants (WADA,2009). The list goes on and on because athletes have tried almost everything on the list. Each year there is always an athelete who gets caught with something different and then whatever substance they were taking will get added on the list of banned substances. There isn’t really much to say about how the drug effects the body’s synapse except that when you take a sports enhancing drug that you will improve your muscle development drastically and in a quicker amount of time than if you didn’t take anything.  As far as psychological and physiological effects go for sports enhancers there are many.  Like I said in my first blog, some psychological effects include; aggression and mood swings which is also called “roid rage”. The most serious psychological effects include depression and possibly suicide if one has withdrawals from the anabolic steroid. Physiological effects which are not just for males include; baldness, acne, and the most serious effect is liver damage.

There are plenty of causes for concern regarding sports enhancing drugs. Athletes who take anabolic steroids have all of the short and long term effects as I just mentioned in the paragraphs above. Just from being a former athlete myself, I know from researching that steroids can enhance your muscle development so rapidly that it can stunt ones growth if you are still a teen and have not been done growing yet. I have seen athletes go from being 170 pounds to 200 pounds in about one month which isn’t possible unless you are taking some kind of testosterone booster or a steroid. Another short term effect for athletes would be cramping and being susceptible  to injury a lot quicker. Players who took the drugs suffered more disc herniations and injuries to their knees, elbows, necks, spines, feet, toes and ankles than those who didn’t use ‘roids. For example, 21 percent of those who used the drugs said they’d suffered herniated discs, compared to 10 percent of players who didn’t take them. Nearly 31 percent of users hurt their elbows, versus 17 percent of non-steroid users (Lite, 2009). As far as social issues goes with doping and anabolic steroids is like what I stated before, that there can be mood swings and aggression. Also, athletes can experience depression which can lead to being lonely and having withdrawals.

There wasn’t really any research showing the benefits of taking steroids or performance enhancing drugs. From my perspective, I can see how professional athletes would take something to get an edge on the court or field. If you are one of those guys in a contract year and you need to have a big season to get that big pay day then I can see how they would do anything to get paid. The other reason I could see an athlete taking a PED is to make them come back from injury quicker to help their team reach the playoffs or something. Other than that, there isn’t any evidence in the benefits of taking steroids or PED’s.  Based on the information, there is a serious health impact that PED’s can do to your body. There are a bunch of short term effects and most importantly a couple of serious long term effects to PED’s. I’m really not sure if getting a big pay day is worth the risk of your life.

 

Sports Enhancers

Sports enhancers, also known as “doping” has been an extremely big controversy in all of sports today.  Mostly in baseball, you hear of players taking steroids or PED’s which stands for Performance Enhancing Drugs. There are a couple different forms and sources of performance enhancing drugs that athletes can put into their bodies.  The first type of performance enhancing drug is called an anabolic steroid. Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that stimulate proteins that help build non-fat muscle mass, helping an athlete become stronger and able to train and play for longer periods of time (CNN, 2014). Another type of enhancing drug is called a stimulant. This helps the athlete  recover quicker after he or she has strenuous training. An example of a stimulant would be an Amphetamine which helps with focus and stimulating the brain. The last type of sports enhancer is called a Human Growth Hormone, also known as HGH. HGH is only available by prescription and you have to inject it into your body. All athletes inject HGH to improve their strength and endurance to get an extra edge from their competition (CNN, 2014).

 

Their is so much history about sports enhancing drugs. Doping started all the way back in 776 BC to 393 BC, which was the time when the first Olympic Games were (Bowers, 1998).  The word Doping originated from the Dutch word “doop”  which is a viscous opium juice, the drug of choice of the ancient Greeks (Bowers, 1998). People started using any kind of drug that would help them with fatigue, hunger, and injury. This impacted all the Olympic Games greatly. Then in 1928, The International Association of Athletics Federation, which was the governing body of the sport track and field became the first sport to ban doping by athletes (International Association of Athletics Federation, 2009). Even though they banned doping for athletes, it is still going on to this day.

There are so many effects that sports enhancing drugs can do to your body physiologically, psychologically, and physically.  Physiologically, doping and PED’s can cause acne, can make you lose your hair, liver damage, and it can stunt your growth if you’re not done growing yet (USADA, 2014). Doping and PED’s can also hurt the mind and personality. These drugs can give you increased aggression and abnormal sexual and criminal behavior, which is also referred to as “roid rage” (USDA, 2014). Physically, it can harm both males and females. Doping can cause males to develop breast tissue, reduction of the testicles and can reduce sperm production. For females, they can develop a deeper voice, grow hair on the stomach, face, and upper back. Those are just a couple of side effects for both males and females. In the United States, there has been 1 to 3 million people who said they have used anabolic steroids and many of them being young adults (Cheatham, Hosey, Johnson, 2008).   A study by Buckley found that 6.6% of male high school seniors had tried steroids, with 67% initiating use by 16 years and 40% using multiple cycles.  In a recent study the NCAA said the usage was 1.1% of all 3 divisions(Cheatham, Hosey, Johnson, 2008). Most students would use them for enhancing performance and the others would use it to come back quicker from injury. The reason why it is so low is because of the availability and not the side effects. So although it may not be a problem for the college level, it is becoming a big problem at the professional level because professional players will do anything to get that big pay day.