Many of us have seen in our own experience that alcohol consumption can lead to dependence and abuse. We know that this problem does not just affect the struggling individual but it also takes a toll on the people around them such as family and friends.
In the effort to prevent dependence and abuse at a young age the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism focuses on giving young kids the tools needed to prevent alcohol use. They start with school-based interventions to teach kids to say no to alcohol and helps them understand that not everyone is drinking. Its common to use role playing, small group activities, and same age leaders in these teachings as a hope to engage the kids a little more in the issue. In this case, we are not just looking to engage the children but also looking at the parents and community to involve themselves in these kids lives. By providing training and support for teachers and students and revisiting this topic of the course of a students academic career it is the hope that we can help eliminate the drinking in our youth. As far as the community goes, we can use the community to help in the efforts to limit alcohol sales to minors, increase enforcement of underage drinking laws, and change alcohol policies at community events, as well as increase the public awareness about the problems associated with underage drinking of our youth. And lastly, we can use family-based intervention as well. As it mentioned earlier, we need parents involved in these young kid’s lives. Parents that have a strong bond with their children and are open and actively are apart of their child’s life has a smaller change of underage drinking. Children are greatly shaped by their family and surrounding them with good influences can help them as well that’s why there are programs that help parents with parenting practices including parent-child communication, parent-child bonding, and family management.
Drinking, especially binge drinking, is very common among young adults. Just take a look…
Prevalence of binge drinking and heavy drinking among adults in the United States, 1993–2009.
|Median Prevalence %|
Because binge drinking and heavy drinking are a huge concern , program strategies such as motivational intervention approaches, cognitive–behavioral interventions, and challenging students’ expectations about alcohol are commonly used. Motivational intervention approaches consist of enhancing the student’s motivation and commitment to change his or her behavior. Cognitive–behavioral interventions seek to change behavior by helping the student to recognize when and why he or she drinks too much and then providing tools for changing that behavior. Challenging students’ expectations about alcohol includes raising their awareness of how alcohol influences health and well being and correcting misperceptions about how much drinking is really going on among their peers. When these approaches are combined with talking to trained counselors and actual students they seem to be more affective in this age group. Although this behavior is extremely common in college towns it can happen anywhere. For this reason we can help prevent alcohol related problems if we consider partnering colleges and communities up to help enforce laws related to setting and maintaining a minimum drinking age, reducing alcohol-impaired driving, raising the price of alcoholic beverages, limiting the number of stores selling alcohol, and training retailers to provide responsible beverage service.
Installing alcohol regulations and laws helps to lower the amount of drinking dependence and abuse while also increasing the public health. We have laws and regulations related to the minimum legal drinking age, the in United States being 21 years old, and sales to underage youth; privatization or monopolization of alcohol control systems (production, distribution, or sales); monitoring of alcohol outlet densities; and limits on the hours and days of alcohol sales.
Alcohol Alert. (2011). Retrieved June 22, 2014, from http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AA83/AA83.htm
Alcohol and Public Health. (2009, January 1). Retrieved June 20, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/data-table.htm
Burger, M. (2004). Derivation of tolerable upper alcohol intake levels in Germany: A systematic review of risks and benefits of moderate alcohol consumption.Preventive Medicine, (1), 111.
Hart, C., & Ksir, C. (2011). Alcohol. Drugs, Society, and Human Behavior. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Health risks and benefits of alcohol consumption. (2000). Alcohol Research & Health: The Journal Of The National Institute On Alcohol Abuse And Alcoholism, 24(1), 5-11.
Treatment Episode Data Set. (2009, January 1). Retrieved June 7, 2014, from http://www.samhsa.gov/data/TEDS2k7highlights/TEDSHigh2k7.pdf
Weafer, J., & Fillmore, M. T. (2013). Acute alcohol effects on attentional bias in heavy and moderate drinkers. Psychology Of Addictive Behaviors, 27(1), 32-41. doi:10.1037/a0028991