Final Reflection

Good and effective teaching is a very detailed concept with a lot of components that many people do not realize. I know that before taking this class I was very uneducated on what truly makes a good and effective teacher. To be a good and effective teacher one must create a connection with their students in order to teach in a way that the students learn best. For example, some students learn better by hands on teaching, some learn better by listening (auditory) and some learn better by visual learning. As a teacher it is important to take these aspects into consideration. A good and effective teacher also much practice student-centered teaching and not strictly lecture the entire lesson. Student- centered teaching should be organized by using a lesson plan either by using backward design or another style. Student-centered teaching is very important for today’s classrooms because students are getting on the habit of just “getting by”, but student-centered teaching helps eliminate that by incorporating more student involvement and interest. A teacher must know where to draw the line between only lecturing in their classroom and encouraging students to participate and speak out during class. A good and effective teacher also uses technology in the classroom to educate their students, but not excessively. Technology must be used as a resource for students and can be used to add spice to the classroom. For example, videos and games are useful in the classroom to motivate the children, but the classroom needs hands on activities and learning styles other than just technology as well.

 My definition has changed since the conversation that we first had in class. Before taking this class I thought a good and effective teacher was one that was respectful and fun to their students, but also knew how to teach the material. After taking this class, I wasn’t completely wrong, but my definition expanded greatly after learning specific steps in doing so.

This class has helped me learn how to work with individuals specifically for speech pathology in many ways. A few that stick out to me include #2 from our syllabus “Teachers know how students grow”. This is important for a speech pathologist as well because I will be using therapy to assist the children on their speech delays and it will be important to track where they began, where they ended, and how they grew. This will be useful because I can learn through each patient and be able to see how they learn best and what doesn’t seem to help them much. Number 6 from the syllabus also stands out to me “teachers communicate well”. This is huge for speech pathologists because working with anyone who has a delay requires a lot of patience and the ability to communicate. I will consider this while working with my patients to assure myself that I slow down when speaking and clearly state the directions while with them. This course has helped me to understand these standards by bringing them to my attention and giving me ways to use them. Also by giving me videos ad activities to do to further my understanding.

The most significant thing I have learned this semester is the different ways one can learn. This is because each of my patients will be different and I will have to accommodate to them. Whether they learn best by visual, auditory, or hands on activities will be up to me to find out.

I will continue my blog by noting things that I find important for my future career and post them online so I never lose them and can easily access them when necessary. I will force myself to use technology more because I am not good at that right now, and it will benefit me in the future.

Scholarly Blog Post


For my scholar blog post, I would like to look further into Module 5, specifically, transforming learning.  I think this is an important topic to discuss because just like anything else in life, education is always changing. I found this topic interesting because often times as students we do not realize how much education and teaching has changed over the years, but after looking back it is clear to see that it has. For part of our module 5 learning activities a video was assigned to watch, this video is named “Transforming Learning”. This video really helped me to understand to what extent learning has changed and why. I really like how the speaker compares learning to remodeling a house by explaining that we need to do more than just cover things up or add things, but instead completely remodel by fixing things that don’t work and strengthening what does. This helps avoid the common issue of some students just “getting by” while others excel. I found a study on how faculty transformed a large-enrollment course from lecture style to more student centered learning. This study brought the importance of building skills and engaging students instead of strictly memorization. In order to avoid memorization and shift from lecture to student centered learning, “one instructor present[ed] an activity used in the course and a reflection on how well the activity worked and how students performed on the activity. Follow-up discussion revolved around suggestions for improved implementation (e.g., encouraging more students to share out with the entire class) and troubleshooting” (Elliot 1).  This was very helpful for the teachers in the biology department because they made note of which activities worked and which ones didn’t and they continued to use them in other sections. The active-learning activities that were most commonly used in this study involved think-pair share activities and clicker questions. This relates greatly to our face-to-face meetings during which we engage in think-pair-share activities and things such as Kahoot. The results for this study stated that “active student-centered learning strategies are associated with improved student learning and engagement” (Elliot 1). A limitation to this teaching method is that it is time consuming and requires trial and error in order to find what works and what doesn’t.  Another study I found highlighted the importance of technology involvement with student centered learning. The author of this article, Jack S Cook, is a former professor who states “Over the years, there has been a shift in focus to a more collaborative learning environment, steering away from traditional lecturing to encourage active student-centered learning. To facilitate this style of learning, teachers must focus attention on what information and tools they can provide the student instead of what the instructor is going to cover in the course” (Cook 1). Cook explains that as knowledge increases, the technology available to assist teaching also increases. Cook believes that technology has greatly helped him in facilitating the learning process by permitting him to share construct knowledge with his students. Cook states that, “technology such as the World Wide Web, e-mail, chat rooms, and video conferencing has helped me create an active student-centered learning environment. It also fosters personal relationships between all those involved by enhancing class-focused communication” (Cook 1). The author believes that students enjoy the real time perspective that technology allows. He also stresses the importance of teacher readiness and how technology assists teachers with organization of course material and course expectations through posting syllabi and further instructions. Some limitations have been encountered through using the internet to encourage student centered learning such as; the internet crashing, email being portrayed as too informal and students improperly using it while interacting with their teachers, and that it takes time to create and modify things through the web. The final article I found, Student-Directed Learning Comes of Age, by, Dave Saltman gives a lot of useful insight on why student-centered learning is so important and how it works. Recent research findings have stated that learning must be shifted from the teachers doing the work of learning to the students doing the work of the learning. This is because the students are the ones learning and when “students manage their own learning, they become more invested in their own academic success” (Saltman 4). This was stressed to us in the video from module 5 when the speaker explained that if students are not invested in their education they will continue to coast and just get by instead of fulfilling their max potential. Throughout this article, Saltman stresses the importance of students making decisions for themselves and being able to make connections through their learning. Another interesting fact that came to mind while reading this article is that student-centered learning forces the student to do more work because of their active involvement in class and in on-line activities, rather than putting in ten minutes of work and thinking that it is enough. It is also important that student-centered learning improves a student’s growth mindset by encouraging them to step outside of the box and attempt activities even if they are challenging, instead of remaining at a comfortable level.  Student-centered learning is a topic that I think should be discussed throughout school districts everywhere, because it is clearly beneficial.



Here is the link to a YouTube video I found on student-centered learning:





Works Cited


Cook, J. S., & Cook, L. L. (1998). How technology enhances the quality of student-centered learning. Quality Progress, 31(7), 59-63. Retrieved from

Elliott, E., Reason, R., Coffman, C., Gangloff, E., Raker, J., Powell-Coffman, J., & Ogilvie, C. (2016). Improved student learning through a faculty learning community: How faculty collaboration transformed a large-enrollment course from lecture to student Centered. CBE Life Sciences Education, 15(2), CBE life sciences education, 2016, Vol.15(2). Retrieved from

SALTMAN, D. (2012). Student-Directed Learning Comes of Age. Education Digest, 77(7), 4-8. Retrieved from

Module 6 Blog Post

Technology impacts teaching and learning in both positive and negative ways. In today’s generation, technology is everywhere and it is very important for us as students to be aware of it and how to use it. For example, my 9 year old cousin already uses iPads in the classroom and at home, and she can honestly operate it better than I can. This is beneficial to her because often times she is playing educational games on it or doing activities regarding school. So, instead of dreading boring school work with a pencil and piece of paper (which she has to do also), she gets excited to use her iPad and do work on it, and most of the time she doesn’t even realize that she is learning through it which is good. Another reason I think technology is beneficial in teaching and learning is because of the mass amounts of resources we are able to access through the internet, such as; videos, articles, books, et. Throughout my college education I have enhanced my use of technology greatly, especially through D2L. Before coming to college I was terrible with technology and avoided it at all cost, I hated it. Now that all of my assignments are (for the most part) are posted online with attached online activities/videos needed in order to complete the assignments, I had no choice but to force myself to use it. I am happy about this because I am now more comfortable with using the internet and can access things easier and quicker.  I have always said that I would prefer pen and paper because it can avoid confusion and losing things through the internet, but as time has progressed I have come to appreciate technology more. I say this because I enjoy being able to complete my assignments and submit them right there on the spot instead of having to worry about handing them in the next day or a few weeks later in class. I also have major OCD about checking/calculating my grades and this is nice to be able to do through D2L, and as a matter of fact this is my first semester that I have encountered a teacher that does not use D2L and it stresses me out so bad not knowing what my grade is and not having the ability to see what needs improvement. Technology can negatively impact teaching and learning through the use of multitasking. Oftentimes students think that while they are doing homework or in class they can be on their phone and lap top and learn at the same time. This is proven to be a very big distraction and negative impact on students and their learning. This is shown through our Module 6 in class activity where we were asked to write a sentence and a number corresponding to each letter at the same time. For most of us it was nearly impossible, or caused us to be much slower while doing it and frustrated. This is because it is hard for our brains to physically do two things at the same time, which is why texting and driving is so dangerous. The only time I think a cell phone is good while learning is when you need a mental break and need a minute or two to take a breather and step away for a couple minutes. After researching I came across an article that explains negative impacts of technology in the classroom, and some of them I have not thought of before. For example, it is stated that “Many students learn best by physically and mentally interacting with what they are studying. If most of the teaching is done using a computer, these students’ needs are not being met” (Klaus). The concept of overuse is not one that I normally would think of because I feel as though technology is pushed so much in the classroom. After bringing it to my attention I completely agree that if children are strictly glued to the computer while learning, they will not properly store the information in their memories because of the lack of hands on experience and auditory action. I think this can be avoided by proposing an activity online or short video and then verbally go over it in class with an activity involving it as well.

Here is a link to the article I used: