While watching this video I was impressed with the fact that the children are the ones who create the view of what they want the classroom to look like. I think this is important and beneficial because in the end they are the ones that his game is affecting and it is a good idea to get their input. I also think it is interesting how they incorporated the words “spleem” and “PAX” to describe bad or good behaviors. This game actually seems like a game I would like to partake in as a child in a classroom, I like it because it allows competitive behaviors, hence the teams, but the overall message is to act appropriately and accordingly in the classroom. These two factors working together cause the children to want to avoid a “spleem” in order to win the game. I also like how the teacher doesn’t call out which individual child is receiving the “Spleem” in order to avoid them having a negative attitude toward the game. This game is rewarding because it allows the teacher to encourage good self-management and gives the children a chance to show the teacher how well behaved they can be. The letters with compliments are also a good idea in order to make the students feel better for doing a good job in the classroom. My reaction to this video was positive. I have experienced games like this one growing up, where the teachers would try to encourage good behavior by reward and punishment type games, but none of them seemed as good as this one. I will incorporate something like this in my career as a Speech Pathologist by coming up with a game or activity that encourages my patients to behave appropriately while I am working with them and rewards them both internally and externally while working with me. Thank you for sharing this video!
In your future career, how do you expect to encounter differences among those you will be working with? How will you identify and plan for individual and cultural differences between students? Pick one difference you might have in your future teaching experience, discuss how you will plan for differences, and why planning for this difference is important
In hopes of becoming a Speech Pathologist in the future, I am very aware that not every child I work with will learn the same or act the same. I plan to find differences among the severity of their speech issue and their learning ability. I also plan to find differences in their daily lives, like family, social class, and their individual personalities as well. I know this will cause me to struggle at times, but I am excited to see how well I can adapt to the differences between my clients. I will identify individual differences by incorporating different activities into my sessions. For example, some days I may do activities outside and some days I may do activities inside in order to find where the individual seems to learn and excel better. I will also do activities that are visual based and auditory based to see which part of their learning needs the most work. I also think it is very important while working with a child and their speech development that they are interacting with you and not just listening to you, in order to do this I will make sure to have activities that cause them to “copy” what I am saying, or activities that involve me holding up certain objects and instructing them to tell me what they are. I think a huge part of being a good speech pathologist is being able to have a good connection with your client in order to create a sense of comfort between your client and yourself and in order to really pay attention to the ways they are learning and the ways they may not be. From personal experience with my cousin, I think that family involvement is a huge part of a child learning and growing and making sure they get the proper attention and care that they may need, so I will be sure to encourage as much family involvement as possible. I also think that recommending different therapies such a therapeutic horsemanship, water activities, and physical exercise are important in stimulating different ways of learning for these children, so I will try to recommend these activities as much as possible. Although, I wish every child could have equal opportunities, I will be aware that not every family will be able to afford such things or find the time to get their children to these things. In cases like those I will need to be sure to find alternatives such as extra outside time at a playground or in the back yard or special day cares that they families can afford and make happen. A difference that I will encounter a lot while in this profession is the difference between and auditory learner and a visual learner. These are common differences that many people encounter every single day and that I have noticed a lot through my cousin. For example, while trying to get his attention he is more of an auditory learner. I say this because if I stand next to him and point at something for him to do he will not do it, but if I grab him and make eye contact with him and speak to him he will understand what I am saying and respond by actions involving what was said. I found it extremely interesting that in the video Learning styles don’t exist, Daniel Willingham explains that visual learners don’t actually learn best by watching a screen and auditory learners don’t actually learn best by hearing, but it is more of putting a meaning to what they are learning. I find this to be extremely true and I will try my best to incorporate this theory into my work as much as possible. I think that when someone is taught something and it is just memorized it is not a beneficial as actually attaching a meaning to it and retaining it that way. Planning for this difference is important in order for me to be prepared to work with different learning styles and in order to have different activities in mind when these differences are right in front of me.
There are many variables that go into how one may develop and construct knowledge. Genetic factors as well as environmental factors are linked to the development of knowledge. For example, everybody has a genetic code that they are born with that comes from their parents and earlier family members. But, this genetic code does not limit people to how far they can take their knowledge abilities. Factors such as family members, friends, peers, and education also have a big impact on how one’s knowledge develops. In this module we focused on cognitive development, self-development, social- development, and moral development. Developmental characteristics influence teaching in a way that in order to properly teach you have to be aware of the circumstances and the level of learning the child is at. You also need to be sure to use appropriate task level assignments and activities while teaching a child. A child will not learn well if they are being taught material that is too challenging or too easy for them, this is where the Zone of Proximal Development by Vygotsky comes into play. Vygotsky wanted to make sure that every student was excelling in the right way, using tasks that are one step ahead of their cognitive development is how he went about this. This method is successful in Cognitive Development, because it allows children to step out of the level that they are currently at and be introduced new and further material. In order for this to be done properly, a teacher is necessary in order for the children to accomplish these new tasks. Another theory related to Cognitive Development is Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development. Piaget explains the importance of the Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete- Operational, and Formal- Operational Stages. He believed that maturation, activity, and social transmission, were a big part of how a child develops. Throughout each stage he lists what the child should be able to do within that age range and what you can expect to come next, starting at 0 and going through adulthood. Bronfenbrenner created a Bioecological Model of Social Context for Development, which consisted of four major parts, the Microsystem, Mesosystem, Exosystem, and the Macrosystem. This system revolves around social development and the certain interactions that help to shape and develop a child properly. The benefits of these theories come within them and help us to develop and grow in certain ways, but they lack a sense of universal understanding of where development comes from. For example Vygotsky is more focused on the help of authoritative figures with development, while Bronfenbrenner focuses more on environmental factors and interactions. The role of parents is huge in the development of a child. There are many different parenting techniques and everyone has their own views on this topic, but over all children learn and develop with the help of their parents, whether that be a good or a bad thing is up to them. For example, my whole life I have had somewhat “strict” parents, but I can honestly say they were only strict about things that are necessary. What I mean by this is, they would be strict about going to school and going to practice, and not being a quitter and to always be respectful, and things like that. But when it came to making friends and curfews, they were not too strict. I believe this is because my parents wanted to help shape us into good and successful kids, but not completely hold our hands throughout the whole process. They wanted to guide us but also wanted us to learn for ourselves and make decisions for ourselves. I respect this parenting style because I never felt the need to sneak out of the house or do things behind my parents back, because I could always tell them the truth, but all of my other friends with very strict parents always seemed to rebel and get into trouble.