Today I will be talking about Module 2. Let me start by discussing how I believe a person develops and constructs knowledge. I think of Bronfenbrenner’s model of human development when I think about this question (macrosystems and microsystems) because I think all of the systems in this model have some effect on your beliefs. One of these systems may have more effect than another. For example, my teachers and coaches teaching me to always give 100 percent in what I do had more influence on my beliefs than the friends that tell me to take it easy. Below is a video explaining Bronfenbrenner’s model of Human Development.
The developmental characteristics from Erickson’s Eight Stages of Pyschosocial Development can also impact teaching and learning. Erickson’s eight stages involve different mental tasks a person needs to accomplish at certain ages. These can shape teaching and learning by giving a teacher guidelines of how to shape lessons to help students overcome the hurdle that is the challenge of whatever stage they are in. For example, a kid of 5 will be in the “Initiative vs. Guilt” stage of development, meaning they want to be more independent. A teacher could fit this knowledge into his/her lesson plan by having students wash their hands by themselves after snack time. Of course, you have teach them first. To get a better handle on Erickson’s stage, look at this video on examples of his stages within movies.
Next I will talk about the benefits and limitations of the models and theories. The benefits include having chronological structures within the stages. For example, look at the trust vs. mistrust, and the fact that stage happens when a child is between the age of birth to about 1 to 1 1/2 years. It provides expectations of what the student needs to accomplish at that age. Limitations include the fact that some people may progress differently, and that there can be negative consequences from the stages if you mishandle them.
Finally, I will discuss how the aforementioned benefits and limitations work together to inform my future teaching. Thinking about Bronfenbrenner’s model will help me understand how some people think differently than others, as some people come from difficult homes or don’t spend enough time on social media to be heavily impacted by it, and will give me the ability to find ways to make sure everyone learns something. Looking at Erikson’s Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development will help me know what hurdle the student has clear and make sure to tailor my lessons to help them successfully clear that hurdle.