Capstone

What’s After College?
How Many Graduates Actually go into Their Majors.
Bryce Olson
12/16/2015

 

 

 

 

 

When growing up one of the major decisions that you have to make is whether you will decide to continue your education after high school.  Applying for colleges is the first step and when you finally get there you have to declare a major.  But what does your major entail?  Do students really think about work outside of college when picking a major, or is it just whatever they have dreamed about doing since they were little?

 

“I came to college to be a radio personality,” said Eric Bauer a sophomore at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater.  “I always wanted to be on the radio.  I know that this university (Whitewater) may not be the best university for it but, I didn’t decide that this is what I was going to pursue until I came here,” (E. Bauer, personal communication, 2015).

 

When you go to a college do you follow suite with what the college or university is known for?  Or do you break away from the crowd and try and create your own path?  How many students go on to get careers in their area of major and if they don’t then why not?  Technology could be to blame for this.  With the consistent need for a new thing to happen every 5 seconds, attention spans are going down and questions on whether you are doing the right thing by going to college are being asked.

 

“I honestly never thought it was going to be like this,” said Ethan Buss a recent graduate at the university of Wisconsin-Whitewater and former Broadcast/Print/Web Journalism major. “I thought then when I would graduate that I would just roll up to job interviews with my resume and examples of my work and I was bound to be hired,” (E. Buss, personal communication, 2015).  Ethan right now is working for a local Domino’s and is currently the Packers beat writer for RantSports.

 

Turns out that graduates are not getting the jobs that they once thought were reachable upon their day of graduation.  In fact in an article written by James Marshall Crotty 60% of college graduates ages 24 and younger are not able to find jobs in their profession (Crotty, 2012).

 

“The effective unemployment rate, referred to as U-6, now stands at 15.6 percent for the youth, ages 18 to 29. U-6 adjusts for labor force participation by including those who have given up looking for work. That rate since 2012 has only improved slightly, from 16.4 percent,” (Byrd, 2014).

 

To put that in perspective the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater had around 12,000 students during the fall of 2014.  This statistic would mean that 7,200 of them would not be able to find jobs in their area of major. This statistic is obviously skewed because of the fact that it doesn’t say if the student got a job in the area of their minor, went to graduate school, or things of those nature.  The study just pertains to what you are doing immediately after graduation and if you’re working in your major or not (UWW, 2015).

 

“To be honest with you, I’m kind of rethinking this whole college thing,” said Joe Mabie a student at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater.  “If things are that bad and the things that I have been hearing, I’m probably just as well off as if I were to be working at Walmart,” (J. Mabie, personal communication, 2015).

 

Crotty goes on to say that this is because employers now have a global economy to choose from when hiring.  They don’t have to settle for someone with just an undergraduate degree from any university.  They are able to pick the best people for the position, even if the person is from halfway around the world.

 

“Had I’d known these statistics, I don’t think I would have wasted my time with college,” said Jason Krause a recent college graduate.  “I think of all of the money that I wasted and now trying to look for a job is hard.  Most places are asking for 2-5 years of experience which is something I can’t provide,” (J. Krause, personal communication, 2015).

 

It’s pretty weird to think that what was once a booming economy hiring everyone that came out of college that the journalistic field could be a pick and choose one.  Just going off the basic facts of this study, this would mean that there could be a college grad from Wisconsin with experience in the field, and having several internships probably wouldn’t get a job at the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel newspaper because there is someone in Germany with a Master’s degree.  Does this make the newspaper better?  Yes because you have an established writer that has studied the topic more but you are then not allowing the graduate in Wisconsin to learn and become a better writer.

 

The whole concept behind that argument is baffling.  Sure on the one hand it makes your paper better right now, but in the long run if every company decides to do something like this then there will be no chance for a person to learn and get better through actual work.  Plus if the education requirement keeps up to keep these jobs then in 50 years you will need to have a doctorate to do any kind of writing for anyone.  The economy will then fail because the amount of money that will have to go into everyone’s education will have to be lent from somewhere, maybe the government.

 

“If you think about how it works and how much tuition has increased in the years, I’m glad that I went to school when I did,” said Brad Miller a sophomore from the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater.  “If I had been born just 10-20 years later we’re talking thousands of more dollars and even with loans, I don’t think that I would feel comfortable trying to pay that all back,” (B. Miller, personal communication, 2015).

 

“The average class of 2015 graduate with student-loan debt will have to pay back a little more than $35,000, according to an analysis of government data by Mark Kantrowitz, publisher at Edvisors, a group of websites about planning and paying for college. Even adjusted for inflation, that’s still more than twice the amount borrowers had to pay back two decades earlier,” (Sparshott, May, 2015).

 

“The Internet has become critical infrastructure for recreation, business, and even democracy,” (National geographic, 2015).  With the connection that the internet has allowed, it has created a so that everyone anywhere that has an internet connection can find out what is going on, halfway around the world (Friedman, pg. 24, 2007).

 

Let’s apply this to a business strategy.  Technology, specifically the creation of the internet, has made it so employers are not limited to the resources (people) around them.  This means that what Crotty was saying is right.  If an employer is looking for a journalist to write for their paper then they turn to the internet to find the best possible candidate for them.  They don’t care much for where they come from, just if they can get the job done effectively.

 

“The millennial generation is still lagging in the workplace, just as it did last year. It makes up about 40 percent of the unemployed in the U.S., says Anthony Carnevale, a director and research professor for Georgetown University’s Center on Education and the Workforce,” (Goodman, 2015).

 

So what is it about the millennial generation? Is it laziness or just the fact that jobs are dying because current workers are asked to do more and have more experience in every field?  There was a time when if you graduated from high school and immediately started working, you would be pretty well off.  Personally if you want to blame an entire generation for something than you are unwilling to look at the world.

 

“I think that the reason why everyone is underemployed after they graduate is because they are unwilling to work their way up in a company,” said Andreanna a current junior at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater.  “You can’t expect to graduate and be making $45,000 a year right out of the gate.  You have to be willing to work your way up from the bottom.  Everyone nowadays feels entitled without actually doing any of the work,” (A. Follensbee, personal communication, 2015).

 

In this world that people created, they created the idea that things forever need to change, thus bringing in technology.  If technology is created then so is the idea that it can always be made better.  Once things are made better, then the next job is to make it even better again.  Things along this nature keep happening throughout our society which then gets rid of the need for people.  A person is replaced by a machine that can do its job 10 times faster and more accurate.

 

Or even the technology allows someone that is already in a position to take over another position.  The best example of this is the one man crew that you see on the news.  There was once a need for a reporter and a cameraman.  Now with requirements in learning while in college, along with technology, these crews are obsolete.  Why would an organization pay to send two people out into the field when one person can do it effectively?

 

“The needs of this job-seeking cohort are more granular. It is no longer sufficient to have quality undergraduate training in a specific area (say, journalism or architecture). Today’s employers can choose from candidates all over the globe. And what sets one applicant apart from another are skill sets that transcend one’s major or desired profession,” (Crotty, 2012).

 

This is not to say that technology is a bad thing by any means.  Technology has helped the world as a whole grow and prosper.  It makes jobs easier, and answers to questions easier to get to.  It creates a sort of “World Public Library” with knowledge from everywhere allowing people to access it at any moment.

 

“Some of my classes during my time here have been online,” said Michael Inloes a current student at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater.  “I think that the classes are kind of difficult but that’s just because you never see the professor in person.  But when I have emailed them they have been very helpful.  It’s kind of cool to think that someone in Madison can be teaching me,” (M. Inloes, personal communication, 2015).

 

After graduation employment has gone down significantly and technology is probably to blame.  Though it has brought so many wonderful things to the helping of mankind, it is also becoming its downfall.  With the increase in technology in any company, usually there will be a decrease in the need for employees.

 

There is hope though.  All a graduate has to do is stay the course and soon everything works out for the best.  “Four years out of college, 85 percent of graduates had one full-time job, 8 percent had multiple jobs, and 6.7 percent were unemployed and looking for work, according to the study by the U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics. Among those with a full-time job, the average salary was $52,200,” (Kingkade, July, 2014).

 

“I think I made the right decision in coming to college,” said Connor Moore a current student at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater.  “I think that the statistic is skewed and looks at the graduation population as a whole and not at the ones who apply for jobs in their field let alone work very hard and get internships to have real world experience that they can offer up to employers,” (C. Moore, personal communication, 2015).  Connor himself is the Sports Director for both the local radio and T.V. station here on campus.  He is pursuing a Broadcast/Print/Web degree and plans to work for a radio or T.V. station in the future.

 

“Despite an inability to find work in their chosen academic fields, 64 percent of employees say they are happy with the degree they pursued and 61 percent said that they still believe they can find their dream job. Just over one-third of the college-educated workers wished they had picked a different college major,” (O’Shaughnessy, November, 2015).

 

The future is uncertain for college graduates all throughout the country.  There is no way to tell if they will be able to find jobs easier in the coming years, or if they are going to continue to be unemployed or even underemployed.  Something will change though.  Your best bet in order to get a job after graduation is to be planning from day one.  Look at fields that don’t ever seem to change.  Electricians, plumbers, and nurses, these are positions that always need to be filled.  This is only a possibility for those that come into school with a plan.  If you are graduating or even close to graduating, then maybe more schooling is your option. Although then you would have to look into borrowing more money.

 

 

Work Cited

Bauer, E. (2015, December 7). [Personal interview].

 

Buss, E. (2015, October 15). [Telephone interview].

 

Byrd, M. (2014, April 30). 2014 College Grads Get Diplomas, Not Jobs. Retrieved December 13, 2015, from http://freebeacon.com/issues/2014-college-grads-get-diplomas-not-jobs/

 

Crotty, J. (2012, March 1). 60% Of College Grads Can’t Find Work In Their Field. Is A Management Degree The Answer? Retrieved December 13, 2015, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesmarshallcrotty/2012/03/01/most-college-grads-cant-find-work-in-their-field-is-a-management-degree-the-answer/2/

 

EarthPulse, Maps, Global Trends, Human Impact – National Geographic. (2015). Retrieved December 13, 2015, from http://www.nationalgeographic.com/earthpulse/technology.html

 

Follensbee, A. (2015, December 2). [Personal interview].

 

Friedman, T. (2005). The world is flat: A brief history of the twenty-first century. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

 

Goodman, L. (2015, May 27). Millennial College Graduates: Young, Educated, Jobless. Retrieved December 13, 2015, from http://www.newsweek.com/2015/06/05/millennial-college-graduates-young-educated-jobless-335821.html

Inloes, M. (2015, November 14). [Personal interview].

 

Kingkade, T. (2014, July 8). Many Recent College Graduates Have Found Employment. Retrieved December 13, 2015, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/07/08/recent-college-graduates-employment_n_5564881.html

 

Krause, J. (2015, September 29). [Telephone interview].

 

Mabie, J. (2015, November 1). [Personal interview].

 

Mataconis, D. (2013, May 20). Most College Graduates Have Jobs Unrelated To Their Major. Retrieved December 13, 2015, from http://www.outsidethebeltway.com/most-college-graduates-have-jobs-unrelated-to-their-major/

 

Miller, B. (2015, December 7). [Personal interview].

 

Moore, C. (2015, October 14). [Personal interview].

O’SHAUGHNESSY, L. (2013, November 15). New study shows careers and college majors often don’t match. Retrieved December 15, 2015, from http://www.cbsnews.com/news/new-study-shows-careers-and-college-majors-often-dont-match/

 

Sparshott, J. (2015, May 8). Congratulations, Class of 2015. You’re the Most Indebted Ever (For Now). Retrieved December 15, 2015, from http://blogs.wsj.com/economics/2015/05/08/congratulations-class-of-2015-youre-the-most-indebted-ever-for-now/

 

(2015, August 1). Retrieved December 13, 2015, from https://www.uww.edu/Documents/ir/Facts and Figures/2015 Fall Profile_FINAL data.pdf

 

 

 

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Jefferson County Board

A somewhat shocking decision came from the Jefferson County Board on Tuesday October 29th as they disregarded a committee’s decision and went the other direction.

The Bittorfs own some farming equipment and want to have some property in a residential area rezoned to have them able to build a shed and store the equipment.  The zoning change would change the residential are to an agricultural one, allowing the storage of farming major farming equipment.

The main problem against it is the area is at the end of a quiet street and some of the neighbors don’t want the loud equipment coming in and out of their street.  Lake Mills is a small town and this zone in which they want to store farming equipment is right at the end of a neighborhood.  The people against it felt that it was going to be unsafe for them and their children to be in their own yards.

The reasons that people argued for it is because the equipment will only be there a couple of hours a day. The equipment then would not be disruptive to anyone while the equipment was being stored as it would be in the shed.  Another reason that they argued for it was because in recent years the zone had already been used to store farm equipment and things of those nature.

The committee voted against the rezoning of the area and sent the final decision to the board where they heard testaments from everyone for about 30 minutes.  They then discussed themselves for about 20 minutes and finally voted in a decision of 3 yes 24 no 3 abstain 1 vacant to not agree with the committee’s decision.

On Tuesday November 3rd the rezoning will be relooked at by the committee to see if they should change their minds and agree with the public opinion to allow the rezoning.

This is a shocking decision by the board as they usually follow suite with whatever the committee says.  The committee usually has more information and/or has done more research so the board usually does.

  • On November 10th there will be a voting on the 2016 County Budget.
    • The budget isn’t anything controversial as the budget each year for the county has not been amended at all. That kept true as at the meeting no one voted to amend the budget at all.
    • The County Board is looking into making more money with levy limits. This is the ability to capture new growth and make more money.  It is not a lot as it probably will account for .82% of the budget.
    • The budget is losing pace to inflation s the dollar is not going as far as it used to.
  • Henry Gibbemeyer is the first graduate of the alcohol treatment court which he was in for exactly one year. Instead of going to prison he went and had meeting almost every day in order to help him through his addiction.
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Democratic Debate

At 7:30 p.m. on October 13 the UW-Whitewater College Democrats hosted a viewing party for the Democratic debate.  Tim Hakes the chair of the College Democrats believes that Bernie Sanders, the Senator from Vermont, will win because he has the young people vote.  He does not care that Sanders has approached the debate saying that he believes that he (Sanders) is a democratic-socialist.  He thinks that being a Democrat is all about helping people wherever they are.

Sanders wants to lower tuition rates and help those that are paying of tuition, also he wants to create a better plan for education.  He also believes that the minimum wage should be raised in the United States to $15/an hour.  Sanders however has some flaws in his running.

The biggest flaw that he has is considering himself to be a socialist.  Now it may be the correct term to define him as a politician but when people think about socialism, they think dictatorship and former socialist such as Benito Mussolini, who was the leader of Italy during the Second World War.

Another flaw that Sanders has is his age.  He is 74 years old and most people believe that he is too old to be elected into office.  They may think that it would be a vote wasted because of his age when he would be running against a younger Republican.

Hilary Clinton is the other leading candidate in the Democratic debate.  Most recently she has been the United States Secretary of State from 2009-2013.  During this time there was a scandal of emails that she received because she used her own personal email instead of the government issued one.  They believe that she did this to purposefully lose documents that would be then passed on to the next Secretary of State.

Other than that she has be known not to stand ground on any issue in front of her.  She went on to say that she changes her opinion because new information arises all the time.

Other candidates include former Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley, former Rhode Island Gov. Lincoln Chafee, former Senator from Virginia Jim Webb.  These candidates are believed not to be in the running for the democratic nomination because of the less popularity.  This isn’t to say that the values of the candidates is wrong but the public has chosen to go with the bigger name Clinton, and the young people of America believe in Sanders.

There is a rumor going around that Bernie Sanders won the Democratic debate.  This isn’t a competition.  It is a chance for each candidate to get air time to speak about their views and answer questions that the public through a mediator would ask of them.

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Whitewater Common Council Budget

—            A review of the budget happened at the Whitewater Common Council meeting on Tuesday October 6.  It was a basic review of the budget to explain to the board what has been changed.

Cameron Clapper who is in charge of the city’s budget said, “We need to look at ways to fund things, which is always a big issue every year since costs go up and levies stay the same,” he said. “We are bumping up against a ceiling that will require changes to how we fund things if we want to be successful in the future.”

That being said the city of Whitewater is looking to spend $9,777,798.  This is a 3.12% increase from last year’s budget.   Most of the spending of the budget will be spent on wages for the workers of the City of Whitewater.  They are looking to spend about $5.4 million on wages alone.  This is about 56% of the city’s budget.

Notable increases in the budget include increase in spending on public safety, which is up $188,476 from last year and administration, up $69,890 from last year.

The money has to come from somewhere though so the city is cutting some of its budget with a notable $94,543 decrease in the contingencies category.

Money doesn’t seem to be popping out of thin air for the Whitewater Common Council and the city’s budget as a lot of money had to get moved around for the budget to work for the 2016 year.  Nearly everything on the budget has increased in spending or decreased its spending in that area.

To go along with the relocating of money whitewater is also losing money.  They lost about $32,990 in revenue from the Utility in their budget.  It is notable but doesn’t change much especially when the budget is over $300,000 more than what they had last year.

What will whitewater do in order to combat running out of money in the near future?  The smart thing to say would be to raise taxes on the people of Whitewater.  The city’s average tax rate is $1.27 less than that of the mean of the rest of Wisconsin and is $1.34 less than its median rate.  If taxes go up even to the mean rate of Wisconsin, then we are talking thousands of more dollars for the city to work with.

This may be the last year that the city of Whitewater will be able to keep its lower tax rate on the people.  Next year the number might go up, but that means more money to be spent back on the public.

  • The Aquatic Center (Whitewater High School) is in need of upgrades in order for the facility to function properly. The facility is 15 years old and the Council is partly responsible for the upkeep of the facility.
  • Whitewater reported high fluoride in its drinking water on August 25th. The number is said to be skewed because of the way that the sample was obtained to be tested.
  • The fiber optics cable is going to be extended to the wastewater plant

 

 

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Mobile Devices

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The new wave of journalism is whatever you can put onto a mobile device.  Whether it is an app or a mobile website, if the user can access it on their phone or tablet they will probably read it.  In today’s age you constantly see the younger generation on their phones checking Facebook, Twitter, the news, really anything.  Their phones are constantly on them at all times which means that if there is any question about a topic when having a conversation with someone, they will immediately turn and look it up on their phones.

With the accessibility that phones have, being able to access nearly anything that a personal computer can, people have found that it is not really necessary to sit down at a computer when they can just sit in their bed and look it up on their phone.

The main time when people access the internet to look up news stories on their phones or tablets, is right away in the morning when most people wake up, and just before bed. According to Digby.com 56% of adults in America own smartphones.  This means that they all have access to the internet at their fingertips.  With the basic workday laid out, most Americans will access the internet on their phones in the morning, computers during the afternoon, and then their phones late at night to read stories before bed.

Is this what you do?  Do you think that the use of mobile devices is slowly replacing personal computers?  Why?

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Leipold Storify

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Social Media in Today’s Age

Social media in today’s age has really become the new way in which every one has found things out, and gotten their news.  Nowadays a story doesn’t break on the TV anymore, it’s on the internet.  Specifically on social media like Facebook and Twitter.  People are always on their social media accounts, or at least always connected to them.  This is why the news has turned into another update in the social media world.

The news has turned into this because people don’t have the time anymore to sit down and read the news, or even watch it.  They do have the time to get updated about Jimmy’s new garden gnome, or Sally’s new haircut.  The news has just found out how to stick itself on the updates that you scroll through everyday.  Some say this is a low point for news, because they have been reduced to this.  Others say that it is highly inventive.

If you think about it, it is faster to send a tweet than to try and type up a story.  If you do type the story something new may come out and the story would be out of date.  Social media has allowed for constant updates.  Lindsay Kolowich and her blog on blog.hubspot.com  talks about how to utilize your social media and your blog.  She goes into detail about each social media site and the certain situations that may arise.  First and foremost you have to be active on social media.

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Wordle: Blog Titles

blogWhen starting to write a blog post the first thing that you have to think about is the title of the blog.  It is the first thing that the reader sees and the thing that is going to make them remember your blog.  You need something that the audience will easily remember and something that will catch their eye.

Creativeblognames.com does a great job of getting someone going with blog titles.  They give you great examples of blog names and why they are good blog names.  It is awesome to see that they tell you how to have a creative title that everyone will remember.

Honestly coming up with a good name for a blog is a lot harder that it may seem.  You put a lot of time into it.  Sometimes I have spent more time on the title of my blog post than I do on my actual blog post.  But when all is said and done, having a good title for your blog post is the difference between having a good blog post and a great one.

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Blog Comments

Blog-commentsCommenting on a blog or a website is something that almost everyone has done at some point.  Maybe if you haven’t, then you have at least commented on something on Facebook.  Sometimes you will notice that thee has been some kind of moderation on those comments.  Facebook especially is where people like to delete comments.

There are several types of moderation, ranging from full moderation to click to see.  Full moderation is where the person who wrote the post has to screen every comment before it is allowed.  Click to see is just the comments are blocked away from everyone to see.  The person who wants to read it then has to click to open the comments.

There is always a need for moderation on comments.  The extent of moderation is up to the person who makes the original post.

Reading Social Media Examiner it gives you seven tips for increasing your blog comments.  This isn’t always good but more comments means more perspectives.  Funny enough, the best way to get more comments is to ask for them.

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Controversial Blogging

t1larg.nov21.perrry2Ecommerce University  shows you how to write a controversial blog post and what you will encounter when writing it.  It is a very informative blog that teaches you to allow your readers to question everything that you write.  It shows how to ask questions that will spark different opinions.

In the past I used to write in my blog as to follow what a majority of people would think.  But recently I have started to put the thinking back into the reader’s hands and allow them to make their own decisions.

Controversial writing is still that, controversial.  You still have to be careful in what you write.  If it is something that could be hugely offensive is something that you should probably stay away from as a blogger.

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