Wisconsin’s Alcohol Laws

 Gavel, Alcoholic Drink & Car Keys on a Gradated Background - Drinking and Driving Concept.

  • Alcohol can be sold in from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. any day of the week.
  • If an underaged child is under direct supervision of their guardian, they may consume alcohol. The legal drinking age is 21.
  • You must be 18 years old to bartend or sell alcohol
  • A driver with a blood-alcohol content (BAC) level that is over .08 percent is considered ‘per se intoxicated.’
  • The operator of a vehicle under the age of 21 may not have a BAC at all.
  • Suspension of a driver’s license is mandatory with DUI conviction. (First offense = 6 months suspension. Second offense = one year. Third offense = 2 years).
  • DUI is considered a felony after the fifth conviction.

(http://wilawlibrary.gov/topics/alcohol.php)

1 comment July 16th, 2014

Alcohol Abuse Prevention

Reduce-the-Risk

To prevent alcohol abuse it is recommended that children are educated at an early age about the affects of alcohol. The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence provide 10 steps for prevention:

  1. Don’t Be Afraid to Say No:  Sometimes, our fear of negative reaction from our friends, or others we don’t even know, keeps us from doing what we know is right.  Real simple, it may seem like “everyone is doing it,” but they are not.  Don’t let someone else make your decisions for you.  If someone is pressuring you to do something that’s not right for you, you have the right to say no, the right not to give a reason why, and the right to just walk away.
  1. Connect With Your Friends and Avoid Negative Peer Pressure:  Pay attention to who you are hanging out with.  If you are hanging out with a group in which the majority of kids are drinking alcohol or using drugs to get high, you may want to think about making some new friends.  You may be headed toward an alcohol and drug problem if you continue to hang around others who routinely drink alcohol, smoke marijuana, abuse prescription drugs or use illegal drugs.  You don’t have to go along to get along.
  1. Make Connections With Your Parents or Other Adults:  As you grow up, having people you can rely on, people you can talk to about life, life’s challenges and your decisions about alcohol and drugs is very important.  The opportunity to benefit from someone else’s life experiences can help put things in perspective and can be invaluable.
  1. Enjoy Life and Do What You Love –  Don’t Add Alcohol and Drugs:  Learn how to enjoy life and the people in your life, without adding alcohol or drugs.  Alcohol and drugs can change who you are, limit your potential and complicate your life.  Too often, “I’m bored” is just an excuse.  Get out and get active in school and community activities such as music, sports, arts or a part-time job.  Giving back as a volunteer is a great way to gain perspective on life.
  1. Follow the Family Rules About Alcohol and Drugs:  As you grow up and want to assume more control over your life, having the trust and respect of your parents is very important.  Don’t let alcohol and drugs come between your and your parents.  Talking with mom and dad about alcohol and drugs can be very helpful.
  1. Get Educated About Alcohol and Drugs:  You cannot rely on the myths and misconceptions that are out there floating around among your friends and on the internet.  Your ability to make the right decisions includes getting educated.  Visit Learn About Alcohol and Learn About Drugs.  And, as you learn, share what you are learning with your friends and your family.
  1. Be a Role Model and Set a Positive Example:  Don’t forget, what you do is more important than what you say!  You are setting the foundation and direction for your life; where are you headed?
  1. Plan Ahead:  As you make plans for the party or going out with friends you need to plan ahead.  You need to protect yourself and be smart.  Don’t become a victim of someone else’s alcohol or drug use.  Make sure that there is someone you can call, day or night, no matter what, if you need them.  And, do the same for your friends.
  1. Speak Out/Speak Up/Take Control:  Take responsibility for your life, your health and your safety.  Speak up about what alcohol and drugs are doing to your friends, your community and encourage others to do the same.
  1. Get Help!:  If you or someone you know is in trouble with alcohol or drugs, (What to Look For), get help.  Don’t wait.  You are not alone.

(https://ncadd.org/for-youth/prevention-tips)

Add comment July 16th, 2014

Recommended Action

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend the following:

  • Don’t start drinking or drink more often because of potential health benefits.
  • If you do choose to drink, do so in moderation. This is defined as up to 1 drink a day for women or 2 for men.
  • Don’t drink at all if you are under age 21, pregnant or may be pregnant, or have health problems that could be made worse by drinking.

(http://www.cdc.gov/VitalSigns/alcohol-screening-counseling/index.html)

problem1_570px

Alcohol is everywhere. Avoiding it completely is almost impossible.

To avoid alcohol altogether isn’t completely realistic.

I recommend you drink in MODERATION, learn your limit, have fun with it, but don’t abuse it. 

Add comment July 12th, 2014

AA

aa_silhouette2

Alcoholics Anonymous just celebrated it’s 75th year. Since 1939 it has helped millions recover from alcoholism. It’s main goals are to help recovering alcoholics to become sober and continue to stay sober. Their only “requirement” to be involved is the desire to quit drinking. There are currently over 2 million members in the entire world.

“Anonymous is an international fellowship of men and women who have had a drinking problem. It is nonprofessional, self-supporting, multiracial, apolitical, and available almost everywhere. There are no age or education requirements. Membership is open to anyone who wants to do something about his or her drinking problem.” 

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 To be a part of AA, members must follow and recognize 12 steps:

THE TWELVE STEPS OF ALCOHOLICS ANONYMOUS

  1. We admitted we were powerless over alcohol—that our lives had become unmanageable.
  2. Came to believe that a Power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity.
  3. Made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God as we understood Him.
  4. Made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves.
  5. Admitted to God, to ourselves, and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs.
  6. Were entirely ready to have God remove all these defects of character.
  7. Humbly asked Him to remove our shortcomings.
  8. Made a list of all persons we had harmed, and became willing to make amends to them all.
  9. Made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others.
  10. Continued to take personal inventory and when we were wrong promptly admitted it.
  11. Sought through prayer and meditation to improve our conscious contact with God, as we understood Him, praying only for knowledge of His will for us and the power to carry that out.
  12. Having had a spiritual awakening as the result of these Steps, we tried to carry this message to alcoholics, and to practice these principles in all our affairs.

 

Add comment July 12th, 2014

Alcohol Kills

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My uncle was an alcoholic.

He lived in Canada.

He was an oral surgeon.

Being an alcoholic caused him to lose a lot in his life.

His wife divorced him.

His kids moved to get away from him.

In 2007 he passed away from cancer.

CARDINAL, Jon Pierre– Passed away on Thursday, March 22, 2007 at his residence in St. Philips, Dr. Jon Cardinal. Leaving to mourn and celebrate his life are his parents, Dr. Stanley and Mrs. Lois Cardinal in Sarasota, FL; sister Catherine and nephews: Shane and Ryan in Victoria, B.C.; his beloved partner and best friend Cindy Holden; his children: Matthew and Leah and their Mother, Becky Paluch. Jon is remembered by his colleagues at the Dr. H. Bliss Murphy Cancer Clinic, but especially nurses Susie Power and Marlise Ball. Also remembered for their continued support over the years are the Operating Room staff at the Health Sciences Complex, Janeway and St. Clare’s Hospitals. Dr. Cardinal came to Newfoundland from the United States in 1986 to practice oral surgery and take part in the abundance of outdoor activities available in this province. Dr. Cardinal’s contributions to the medical and dental communities, and to the well being of those he served, was immeasurable. Visitation will take place at Carnell’s Funeral Home, 329 Freshwater Road on Saturday, March 24 and Sunday, March 25 from 2-4 p.m. and 7-9 p.m. A memorial service will be held from St. James United Church, Elizabeth Avenue on Monday, March 26, 2007 at 2:00 p.m. 

Add comment July 12th, 2014

Overall Health Impact

When alcohol isn’t consumed in moderation and becomes abused, consumer’s health can be greatly impacted. Health impacts include fetal alcohol syndrome, brain damage, liver disorders, heart disease, cancer, and infectious diseases.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Is a group of physical and behavioral abnormalities that are caused by the presence of alcohol during fetus development.  These include growth retardation abnormal features of the face and head, and evidence of CNS abnormality. It is observed that FAS occurs in 23-29 per 1,000 births among women who are considered “problem drinkers”. The National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome works towards reducing, eliminating and coping with FAS. (Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 215)

Brain-structures-most-sensitive-to-prenatal-alcohol-exposure

Brain Damage Alcohol can cause Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, which sometimes can be treated nutritionally. It has also been reported that there is overall loss of brain tissue caused by enlarged ventricles and widened fissures (Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 212).

AlcoholEffectsOn21YearOldBrain_001

Liver Disorders Fatty liver, Cirrhosis of the liver, and need for liver transplants are the most common liver disorders in alcoholics (Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 212).

stages of liver damage

Heart Disease Damage of the heart muscle from alcohol is common and typical heart attacks result from coronary heart disease (Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 212-213).

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Cancer Alcohol has been related with cancers of the mouth, tongue, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, lung, pancreas, colon and rectum (Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 214)

Alcohol_Cancer_Infogram

Infectious Diseases Immune system insufficiencies due to alcohol abuse are linked with tuberculosis, pneumonia, yellow fever, cholera and hepatitis B (Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 214-215).

 

*Notes: If any of the visuals are difficult to view, click on them and they will open in a new file. Click on the green text for links to more information.

Add comment July 5th, 2014

Causes for Concern

(CDC)

Acute toxicity – Alcohol related traffic accidents, falls, downing, cycling, boat accidents, are all example of acute behavioral toxicity. Acute alcohol related deaths account for more than 20,000 deaths annual in the United States, where 13,000 of these are from automobile accidents. Acute Physiological toxicity happens in the form of overdose and death – and also happens if you include those who get hangovers. More than 1,000 people die each year from accidental alcohol poisoning (Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 210)

Chronic toxicity – Chronic toxicity with those who heavily abuse alcohol has been observed to have negative affects on every single organ. Brain damage, liver disorders, heart disease, cancer, and defected immune systems are all common on chronic toxicity exposure (Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 210-215).

alcohol-map2

Dependence potential – When prolonged use of alcohol is stopped, the physical dependence symptoms emerge.  Tremors are one of the most common physical symptoms of alcohol withdrawal. Anxiety, insomnia, nausea and vomiting are also common symptoms of withdrawal.  Some withdrawal symptoms can last up to several weeks. Withdrawal symptoms do not happen all at once or immediately after abstinence (Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 216-217).

hazards of alcohol

Abstinence syndrome can develop. These symptoms are described in stages.

Stage 1 includes tremors, rapid heartbeat, sweating, hypertension, loss of appetite and insomnia.

Stage 2 includes auditory hallucinations and/or visual hallucinations and/or tactile hallucinations.

Stage 3 includes delusions, disorientation, delirium: sometimes sporadic and usually is followed up by amnesia.

Stage 4 includes seizure activity.

(Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 216-217)

 

(CDC)

*Notes: If any of the visuals are difficult to view, click on them and they will open in a new file. Click on the green text for links to more information.

Add comment July 5th, 2014

Pharmacology and Effects

  how-alcohol-travels-through-the-body_50ca3deb65aab

Route’s of administration of alcohol is orally – it is absorbed from the stomach but most of the absorption takes place in the small intestine. Once alcohol is absorbed into the body, it remains in the blood stream until it is fully metabolized. About 2% of alcohol is excreted through the breath, skin, and in the urine (Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 200-203).

Drug’s effect in the synapse include making the consumer sluggish and slowing their response times. Alcohol interacts with the receptors that receive neurotransmitters which causes the sluggishness (Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 203-205).

Alcohol is a leading cause of disability and death worldwide. More than 60% of alcohol related diseases are chronic conditions (cancer, cirrhosis of the liver, diabetes, cardiovascular disease). Women become more cognitively impaired by alcohol and are more susceptible to alcohol-related organ damage than men. But women also develop other alcohol related diseases at a lower total lifetime exposure than men inkling fatty liver, hypertension, obesity, amnesia, malnutrition, and ulcers. Older women respond to alcohol different than younger women because they have less body water which heightens sensitivity and decreased alcohol tolerance (Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 208-218).

Alcohol-Atrributed Deaths in 2004

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(WHO, 2011)

There are three main physiological effects of alcohol:

  1. Peripheral Circulation: The dilation of the peripheral blood vessels increases heat loss from the body – but it makes the consumer feel warm.
  2. Fluid Balance: Alcohol decreases the output of the antidiuretic hormone (called vasopressin), this hormone is responsible for retaining fluid in the body. This increases the urine flow in some, and effects lower blood pressure in others.
  3. Hormonal Effects: When alcohol is consumed adrenal corticosteroids are released and the production of the male sex hormone testosterone is greatly suppressed. Chronic alcohol abusers can develop numerous hormone-related disorders: testicular atrophy and impotence in mean and impaired reproductive functioning in women.

(Hart & Ksir, 2013, p. 210)

 How Alcohol Affects The Body

howalcoholaffects

 

(BBC)

*Notes: If any of the visuals are difficult to view, click on them and they will open in a new file. Click on the green text for links to more information.

Add comment July 5th, 2014

Alcohol Abuse

Unfortunately, alcohol abuse is a rapidly growing issue in the United States. Alcohol is the most commonly used addictive substance in the United States. According to CDC, there are approximately 88,000 deaths attributed to alcohol abuse each year, which makes it the 3rd leading lifestyle cause of death for our nation.

1 in every 12 adults suffer from alcohol abuse.

According to the Behavioral Risk Factor Sureveillance System survey, more than 1/2 of the U.S. adult population drank alcohol in the past 30 days. Where 5% drank heavily, and 17% binge drank. Not only does alcohol abuse affect our health, but it also affects our economy. In 2006, excessive alcohol consumption cost the United States $223.5 billion. Alcohol abuse also greatly affected workplace productivity, health care expenses and other costs from criminal justice expenses, motor vehicle accidents and property damage.

 

This graph shows the prevalence of binge drinking and heavy drinking among adults in the United States from 1993 to 2009.

 

This graph shows the prevalence of Binge Drinking Among Adults in 2010.

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Add comment July 1st, 2014

History of Alcohol

Early Use

Alcoholic beverages have been consumed for thousands of years. There is evidence that supports that alcoholic beverages existed in early Egyptian civilization. In 7000 B.C. there is evidence of an early alcoholic drink from China. From 2000-3000 B.C. in India, an alcoholic beverage called sura, (which is distilled from rice) was in use. Several native American villages created alcoholic beverages before the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492. During the 16th century alcohol was often used for medicinal purposes. At the very beginning of the 18th century, British parliament passed a law that encouraged the use of grain for creating alcoholic beverages; because of this, gin consumption reached about 18 million gallons and alcoholism began very widespread.

 

Prohibition in the United States

In 1920, the 18th ammendment forbid the sale, production, and transportation of alcohol. Before this amendment was enacted, a total of 33 states already had their own prohibition laws in place. The prohibition was very difficult to enforce which led to many illegal, underground drinking locations. Amidst the Great Depression, the need for jobs and revenue was inevitable, so in February of 1933, FDR ended the prohibition (History.com).

Prohibition Video

 

 

*Notes: If any of the visuals are difficult to view, click on them and they will open in a new file. Click on the green text for links to more information.

2 comments July 1st, 2014

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